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The Nieuwe Kerk is a 15th-century building, partly destroyed and refurbished after several fires. Located in the bustling Dam Square area of the city, this historic church has held a prominent place in the country's political and religious affairs over the centuries. It has been the venue for coronations of kings and queens, and also plays host to an array of exhibitions, concerts and cultural events. Admire its Gothic architecture, splendid steeples, glass-stained windows and ornate detailing.
Amsterdam's old main post office is located directly on the Dam next to the Royal Palace. The famous Dutch architect Cornelis Hendrik Peters provided the plans for this monumental Gothic Revival edifice, which was constructed between 1895 and 1899. In addition to the Gothic details, elements of other epochs can also be identified on the two-tone brick facade. After extensive renovation a luxury shopping mall, the Magna Plaza, opened its doors here in 1992.
The Dam Square can be rightly considered as the epicentre of the Amsterdam City Center. This old center of the city is rich in history, architecture and culture. Some of the beautiful bridges that let you navigate across the city center have been around since the 17th Century and the magnificent buildings that dot this area belong to the medieval period. There are several options for a quick bite and even for a laid back lunch, if hunger strikes during your escapade. Global, retail outlets are also available but the essence of the historic, city center are the local vendors and their charming shops.
In the 13th Century, the river Amstel was dammed here, and on the banks of the river, a small fishing community called Amstelerdam was founded. Boats could unload their freight there and alongside the Damrak. When the Nieuwe Kerk was rebuilt and the Royal Palace (originally the town hall) was built, the enclosed square served as the city center, both socially and for administrative purposes. The city was governed and law and order was maintained from there, as can be seen in pictures of public executions on a scaffold in front of the town hall. After World War II, the War Memorial was erected in Dam Square, which is now a gathering place for thousands of people and numerous pigeons.
Located at Dam Square, The National Monument was unveiled on on May 4th, 1956 in honor of those who died during World War II. The monument is a 73 feet (22 meter) tall obelisk, with two stone lions standing beneath. Every year on May 4th, you will find a large gathering of dignitaries, as well as many other people, commemorating the victims of the war.
Lovingly refered to as the 'Venice of the North', Amsterdam is a city with unique geographical features. Through the Defence Line of Amsterdam, water was used as a shield to protect the city in times of war. The fortification includes seriers of forts constructed around the city with tracts that can be filled with water to refrain the enemies from entering the city. The Defence Line of Amsterdam has never witnessed combats but its unique construction and use of hydraulics has earned it an UNESCO World Heritage Site status.
Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist cities in Europe. Capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, its named has been derived from the city’s origin as a dam of the river Amstel. It wasn’t until the 19th Century when the city expanded with new neighborhoods when it became a hotbed for tourists due to its many attractions including cafe shops, historic canals, museums, and the red-light district. The place is also a host for a number of events, major events include Cannabis Cup, Koningsdag, Holland Festival, Amsterdam Gay Pride, Uitmarkt and lots more.