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The home for single or widowed women was dedicated to the patron saint St. Ursula in 1346.
The Begijnhof lies hidden away from the noisy shopping street Kalverstraat, across from the English Reformed Church. Most of the houses in this area were built in the 17th Century; the oldest one here dating back to 1475. Wooden establishments slowly disappeared because the city forbade their construction in order to prevent fire in the densely populated inner city. The courtyards were created by small religious communities in an attempt to retreat from the world and live their own isolated lives. The Begijnen - a Catholic order - was only tolerated after the Reformation in the 16th Century. Only single women were allowed in the Begijnhof to lead the life of a nun.
While most educational tourist attractions showcase only the best of their cities, Amsterdam Dungeon offers visitors a more honest, if a little more bloody, look at the past 500 years of local history. A cast of almost twenty skilled actors presents vignettes about the more gruesome elements of Amsterdam's past, sending travelers down in a rickety elevator to kick off over an hour of spine tingling terror. For one of the best insights into the untold stories of the city's past, look no further than Amsterdam Dungeon.
Often referred to as The Wooden House in English, this historic structure replaced its smaller, former design in the 15th century. These wooden houses sprung up all around Amsterdam starting in the mid-1400s featuring an additional storey to their predecessor. All wooden buildings were banned in 1521 because they posed a huge fire risk, but this original design has since become christened into classic Amsterdam Architecture. The building is one of only two historic wooden houses left in the city and is the oldest wooden house in Amsterdam dating from 1470.
This bronze statue of the Netherlands' longest reigning queen, Wilhelmina, stands roughly halfway along the busy street of Rokin, on the intersection just outside the Allard Pierson Museum. Wilhelmina is most famous for her role as an inspiration to the Dutch resistance during German occupation in World War II. The statue depicts a young Wilhelmina riding a horse and was commissioned in 1964 by the Amsterdam Contact Group of Women's Organizations. It was not unveiled until 1972 however, and was moved from its intended location on Damrak due to its size.
De Papegaai or Jozefkerk is hidden away in the stylish Kalverstraat shopping street. The church was designed by architect G. Moele in 1848. The Papegaai (parrot) was a code name for the secret church located in the houses behind the Kalverstraat during the Reformation. The church has a complete neo-Gothic interior and style. The eponymous parrot is carved out of stone in the tiny neo-Gothic doorway on the Kalverstraat side.
Heilige Stede, also known as Nieuwezjids Kapel in Dutch, is located in the city of Amsterdam. It is a site where a Dutch Reformed chapel and various small shops exist. Built in the year 1908, this chapel rests in the original position of an old 15th Century church called the Heilige Stede. Before the Heilige Stede, this site had another chapel that was destroyed during the city fire of 1452. The church was built in 1347, to denote the “Miracle of Amsterdam. ” It was was damaged in 1566 due to the beeldenstorm and was broken down in 1908. Today, this site has a new structure representing the cultural history of the site, with a few parts of the old church still held together.
Yab Yum was a well- known brothel located in the city of Amsterdam. This exclusive brothel was situated in a canal house built in the 17th- Century. It was frequently visited by the wealthy upper class men and tourists. It was a legalized licensed club and had an entrance fee of EUR70 in 2005. The building is now known as the Yab Yum Museum, with an entrance fee of EUR17.50. People from across the world can go for a tour of this place to take a look at the reception desk, the rooms with beds, champagne closets, the bar and changing room.