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Propylaea is the spectacular entrance of the Acropolis. The history of this monument can be traced to the 472 BCE when it was built. Built in the reign of Pericles, Propylaea is made from marble and limestone. The grand designs of Propylaea provided five entrance, four of which were for pedestrians while one was for wheeled carriers and was comparatively large located in the center. This structures boasts of the beautiful ancient Greek architecture. Even today, this is used as the main entrance to Acropolis for the tourists and has been restored many times in the best possible condition making it a popular spot for tourists.
As the name suggests, Temple of Athena Nike was built as a dedication to the Greek Goddess Athena. Athena, is the goddess of wisdom and power. It is believed that this temple was built for the success in the Pelopponesian war against the Spartans. The history of this place can be traced back to as early as 480 BCE. In 1686, the temple was demolished by the Turkish people who used the stones of this temple to build a defense wall. In 1800s the temple was rebuilt and features the ionic architecture designs. This temple went through many restoration processes, the latest was in 2003 and is a popular tourist attraction of the region.
Located in Acropolis, Erechtheion is a Greek temple dedicated to the powerful Greek god Poseidon and Greek goddess Athena. The history of this temple can be traced back to 421 BCE when it was built. This temple is named after the Greek hero Ericthonius whose legend states that he was the son of Athena and came from the soil. The temple has went through major renovations throughout the centuries and some of its artifacts were showcased in the British Museum and Old Acropolis Museum. Acropolis Museum works on the preservation of this temple till date and welcomes visitors to witness the process.
Situated near the Theater of Dionysus, Stoa of Eumenes is a beautiful walkway boasting of ancient Greek designs. The history of this place can be traced back to the period of the reign of King Eumenes. This pathway was made on the orders of the ruling king Eumenes and is names after him. This stoa was built exclusively for the visitors of the theater and the temple and hence did not feature any rooms. Initially, this promenade was made of marble and had two-story structure and boasted beautiful and strong architecture through its columns and interiors.
The southern slope of the Acropolis is the site of two ancient theaters. The one dedicated to Dionysos is the world's oldest theater built in the 6th Century BCE. A few meters to the west is the Odeon of Herod Atticus, built under Roman rule. The Odeon, standing out for its impressive facade, was constructed by Herod Atticus in memory of his late wife. This majestic semicircular theater holding 5000 people was inaugurated in 161 CE, but was destroyed a century later. Nowadays, the restored open-air Odeon serves as the city's major theater. The architectural beauty and the location just beneath the Acropolis makes it one of the world's most impressive venues for concerts and performances.
The stunning monument from Greek Antiquity has recently been restored.
The gate is located to the west beneath the propylaeum and it dates from the 3rd century AD.