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The Temple of Hephaestus is located on the hill of Agoraios Kolonos, just half a kilometer away from the city center. The temple was built in the doric order, a style of architecture of ancient Greece, and is significant for its geometrical arrangement of pillars and columns. Inaugurated around 415 BCE, this beautiful white marble structure is dedicated to the god of metal working, Athena Ergane. The temple used to once be a market for clay pottery and metals, but since its construction it has undergone many changes following years of wars, invasions and the resulting fall of monarchy.
The seat of the Old Council of Athens was constructed on this site in the year 403 BC.
Up until 450 AD the rotunda served as a conference hall for the representatives of the city's tribes.
The Temple of Aphrodite Urania is situated in the city of Athens. Standing north- west of the Ancient Agora of Athens, this temple was entirely devoted to Aphrodite, the Greek goddess. Urania was a sobriquet for Aphrodite, that signified her as being spiritual and heavenly. The temple had a statue of the goddess made by the Greek sculptor Phidias. There are some ancient stones that still lie on the hill by the train tracks and near Hephaestus' temple.
Tsisdarakis Mosque was constructed by former governor of Athens, Tsistarakis, in the 18th Century. He sourced a few columns from the Olympian Zeus temple. However, he did not take the required approval from the Sultan before bringing the columns and eventually, he had to pay a heavy fine for it. The minaret of Tsisdarakis Mosque was ravaged in the 19th Century. Inside the mosque, fresco paintings grace the walls and some architectural details of the bygone era have been wonderfully preserved. Presently, the mosque is home to the V. Kyriazopoulos Modern Pottery Collection of the Museum of Greek Popular Art.
The mosque overlooking Monastiraki Square was built in 1759 under Ottoman rule. After the liberation of Athens, it was transformed into a museum, where a collection of traditional Greek handicrafts was exhibited. Nowadays, the Tzami, as it is known by the Athenians, houses the Pottery Collection of the Museum of Greek Folk Art. The collection, donated by V. Kyriazopoulos, consists of splendid works by contemporary artists but also includes everyday ceramic objects, as well as tourist souvenirs.
The tower owes its name to the artistic reliefs depicting the eight wind deities.
One of the most interesting sights of Roman Agora, in Plaka, is the Tower of the Winds. This unusual marble tower (which served as a water clock) was built by an astronomer in the 1st Century BCE. On each of its eight sides is a depiction of a directional wind. The tower was a part of the Roman marketplace which incorporated buildings with a spacious courtyard that also dates back to 1st Century BCE. It is flanked by two gates east and west of the market. A 15th-century mosque can also be seen on the site.