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The restored medieval synagogue in the Jewish quarter affords a glimpse of the history of Judaism.
The Church of Sant Sever, located across the cathedral in Barcelona's Gothic Quarter, stands as an architectural monument against the tests of time. It's well-preserved facade makes it a true historic beauty on grounds that were once "an ancient fortified Roman village." Built in the Gothic Period, the church is part of a walking tour that looks at architectural designs in Barcelona.
This beautiful Baroque church, built in honor of San Felipe Neri, is located in the Call district of the Barri Gòtic, an area which was once the Jewish district of Barcelona. The church is right in the middle of Plaça Sant Felip Neri, a trapezoid shaped square. This square used to border the edges of the Jewish quarter and was built on the remains of what was once a Jewish cemetery. This is one of the quieter areas of the Gothic Quarter and is reminiscent of other times. Visiting the square is the best way to get into the mood for a visit to the Baroque church, whose facade still shows bullet holes dating back to the Spanish Civil War. In its interior you can still find Baroque details in the moldings, altars, and paintings.
This church is located in Calle Ferrán, one of the main streets of the Barri Gòtic,, which connects the important Plaza de Sant Jaume where you can find the Ayuntamiento and the Palau de la Generalitat. This church, which was built at the end of the 19th Century, is on the place where originally the main synagogue of the city was located. The ground plan shows three naves with little chapels on both sides of the aisles. Only the front is left over of the original construction, which dates back to the 15th and 16th Centuries. The Gothic altar is the old high altar of cathedral, which was moved to this church in 1970.
The Barcelona Cathedral is dedicated to Eulalia, Barcelona's co-patron saint who refused to renounce her faith during the Christian persecution of Emperor Diocletian's rule, leading to her torture and execution at the age of just 13. Most of the work on this Gothic cathedral was done in the 14th Century, and it was finally completed around 1450. The roof, adorned with gargoyles, is one of the highlights of this architectural marvel. The Catalonian tradition of the 'dancing egg' is thought to have originated here.
This is one of the oldest churches in Barcelona and is dedicated to the two martyrs, Justo and Pastor, who were the subjects of veneration during the 4th Century. However, much of the building is part of the later Visigothic construction. Back in the days of Ramón Berenguer "el Viejo" (11th Century), this parish church was used as a cathedral while the Romanesque cathedral was being built. The 14th-century Gothic building work is typical of the church architecture of the time. Relics belonging to both saints are kept in a small chest from the cathedral of Narbonne donated by James I's wife.
This basilica owes its name (pi means pine) to the pine forest that once stood here and spanned from the walls of the Roman city to the Ramblas. In 1320s, work began on the basilica building, which is in typical Barcelona Gothic style, although the main entrance is Romanesque. Inside is a chapel, in front of the chapter house containing the tomb of Josep Oriol (a saint from Barcelona). There is also a rosette window, truly impressive for its size and the lighting created by the sun at the different times of the day.
Santa Llúcia Chapel can be reached via Barcelona Cathedral's cloister as well. Where the Gothic cathedral is now found, there used to be a Romanesque one, dedicated to Saint Lúcia, patron saint of dressmakers and protector of sight. It's a relatively simple construction with a rectangular interior. It's open during mass, if you would like to visit the inside.