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Russia's walled fortress contains much of the country's history, politics and religion. The walls were originally built from white stone, but were rebuilt in the late 15th Century with their distinctive red brick. Visit historic religious sites including the Cathedral of the Assumption (Uspenskii Sobor), Archangel's Cathedral (Arkhangelskii Sobor), palaces (most notably the Patriarch's Palace (Patriarshii Dvorets), museums, and of course the official residence of the country's President. Entry to all attractions is via the Kutafia Tower (Kutaf'ia Bashnia) on the southern side.
This small church nestled behind the Cathedral of the Assumption was built by skilled artisans from Pskov during the years 1484 to 1486. The church took its name from a robe said to have staved off a Tatar onslaught. The interior is covered in religious frescoes dating mostly from the seventeenth century, depicting the great figures of religion and history in Russia. Looking up you will see Christ and the Virgin Mary, while the church's pillars are decorated with portraits of the likes of Prince Vladimir and Alexander Nevskii, conqueror of the Swedes and mythic Russian hero.
The Archangel Cathedral was built in 1505-1508 by the Venetian architect Alevisio and dedicated to the Archangel Michael, the protector of warriors and monarchs engaged in their rightful deeds. From the 14th to the 18th century the cathedral was used as the burial place of Moscow princes and Russian Tsars. There are 46 tombs but unfortunately the stone sarcophagus were made during the 17th century which means they all look fairly similar. In the 18th century, the Cathedral was decorated with portraits of entombed princes and Tsars. The icon of the Archangel Michael (created in 1399) can be found inside.
The golden-domed Annunciation Cathedral in the Kremlin was built in 1485-1489 by Russian architects. While the Cathedral itself housed private burial chapels for princes and tsars, the north and the west galleries were used as the main entrance to the imperial palace. The cathedral's galleries house an exhibition of 14th-16th century icons as well as unique frescos from the epoch of Ivan the Terrible. The cathedral is an excellent showcase of old Russian art.