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Red Square's Famous Landmark
Possibly the most widely-recognized of Russia's architectural monuments, St. Basil's looms at the southern end of Red Square (Krasnaia Ploshchad') in all its multi-colored, multi-coned glory. The cathedral's real name is the Cathedral of the Intercession. It was built between 1555 and 1561 to commemorate the victory of Ivan the Terrible over the Tatars in Kazan. The cathedral was built near the grave of the so-called, “holy fool”, St. Basil the Blessed, hence its popular and widely-used name.
Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad) Moscow
Today: 10:00 AM-07:00 PM Closed Now
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Winter - Monday to Sunday 11:00 AM to 05:00 PM
Sundaymmer - Monday to Sunday 10:00 AM to 07:00 PM
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St. Basil's Cathedral

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Lobnoye Mesto
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Spasskaya Tower
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Arsenal
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Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
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Red Square
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Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad)
Moscow, 109004
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Located at the south eastern end of the Red Square, the Lobnoye Mesto is large stone platform also known as the Place of Skulls. Despite its grievous name, the platform was never used for beheading or executions but served as an announcement location and a major point of several parades, including the orthodox Sunday ritual called the "donkey walk' which concluded here. A brick platform is believed to have been built here in the mid-16th century but it was reconstructed and replaced by a white stone replica by Matvei Kazakov, a noted Russian architect.

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The Spasskaya Toweris also sometimes known as the Savior Tower due to its association with the icon figure of the same name. Constructed in 1491 by the Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari, it features an ornate hipped roof and a large clockface denoting the official Moscow time. Located in the eastern section of the Moscow Kremlin Wall, it was the former main entrance to the Kremlin and today is only opened to allow the entrance of presidential motorcades, victory parades and other important events. The top of the tower gates is inscribed with a statement in dedication to Prince Ivan III of Russia and a restored wall painted icon of Smolensk Savior, the saint. A red star was put up on top of the tallest spire of the tower in 1935 by the Soviet government, which together brings the height of the structure up to 71 meters (233 feet).

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The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a large bronze statue designed by notable Russian sculptor Ivan Martos and and made in 1816. The structure was made to honor the 200th anniversary of the war for independence against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth led by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and a local merchant, Kuzma Minin both of whom are featured in the monument. The statues of the two men are carved in bronze and they stand on a large granite base which itself has a bronze plaque showing Russian citizens sacrificing their wealth for the sake of the country. The monument was formerly located in the Red Square but was later moved to its present location after the Communist officials found that it was creating an obstruction for parades and celebrations. A replica of the statue designed by Zurab Tsereteli is found in Nizhny Novgorod and was unveiled in 2005.

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This is possibly the most famous central square in the world. It is a humbling sight both day and night; beautiful in winter when it is covered a pristine blanket of snow. Originally an expanse of nothing more than mud, and populated by a ragged collection of hawkers, beggars and outcasts, Red Square acquired its present size and stature gradually. The square and its surroundings exude the drama of Russia's past and present. The walls of the Kremlin (Kreml') (The) loom on one side, their blood-red height belittling the pale GUM department store opposite. At the southern end of the square towers, is the onion-domed exuberance of St. Basil's Cathedral (Sobor Vasiliia Blazhennogo).

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People are familiar with these pictures from television: Heads of State and Government lay flowers on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier located at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden. Here lie the remains of a soldier killed in the defence of Moscow in World War II. His final resting place serves as a monument to all Russian soldiers who died in this war. A Guard of Honour was restored in 1997 and changes each hour.

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It is the largest city in Europe. The Russian capital lying along the Moskva River also numbers amongst the most beautiful, but also most expensive cities in the world. In the meantime the metropolis has become almost unaffordable for normal Moscow wage-earners. Numerous attractions draw tourists to the city with a population of 10 million: The Kremlin and Red Square have been on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 1990.

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