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At 81 meters (266 feet), Ivan the Great Bell Tower was Moscow's tallest for nearly 350 years. Viewed from some distance, the tower looks like a giant whitewashed lipstick. Three octahedral tiers carry a short cylinder on top, crowned with a glistening golden onion dome. The 'Ivan the Great' in the tower's name is not referring to Ivan (IV) the Terrible as popularly believed, but to his grandfather Ivan III who ruled from 1462 to 1505.
Church of the Twelve Apostles is one of the lesser significant cathedrals that are nestled in Moscow Kremlin, the renowned cultural and historical focal point of Moscow. This cathedral is a part of the magnificent Patriarch's Palace, and is devoted entirely to Philip the Apostle - one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. This attractive house of prayer was constructed at the behest of Patriarch Nikon of Moscow. At present, this architectural gem houses a museum pertaining to applied arts.
Originally constructed as a powerful means of defending the Kremlin's Saviour Gate, this beast of a cannon (there is a lion's head roaring under the barrel) was never fired. Nevertheless, at just over 5.3 meters long and weighing 40 tons, it is one of the largest cannons ever made. The cannon itself was cast in 1586, but the depictions decorating the chassis - a lion and a snake wrestling - were added much later in 1835.
Moscow is the capital of Russia, the largest city in Europe and is often referred to as the 'World's Most Expensive City.' The city's world-acclaimed architecture and culture is reflected through the magnificent cathedrals, churches and heritage buildings. This place is famous for being the location of Saint Basil’s Cathedral. Besides, tourists are also attracted towards other beautiful attractions such as the Red Square, the Shukhov Tower, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Manege Square. The city also boasts of a vibrant nightlife with a choice of restaurants and bars serving the best form of relaxation and entertainment!
Russia's walled fortress contains much of the country's history, politics and religion. The walls were originally built from white stone, but were rebuilt in the late 15th Century with their distinctive red brick. Visit historic religious sites including the Cathedral of the Assumption (Uspenskii Sobor), Archangel's Cathedral (Arkhangelskii Sobor), palaces (most notably the Patriarch's Palace (Patriarshii Dvorets), museums, and of course the official residence of the country's President. Entry to all attractions is via the Kutafia Tower (Kutaf'ia Bashnia) on the southern side.
The State Kremlin Palace, built under Nikkita Khruschev, is a large modern building found inside the Moscow Kremlin. The Palace is a public building as well as a theater. Each of the 6,000 seats in this hall is equipped with buttons for electronic voting and earphones for simultaneous translations. A movable stage of 450 square meters provides enough space for the biggest of choirs to sing on it.
The Trinity Gate Tower is the spire-topped structure standing in the walls of the Kremlin which visitors must pass through in order to enter the grounds themselves. At 80 meters high it is the tallest of the Kremlin's towers. Construction was completed way back in 1495. As if to underline the often chilling history of the Kremlin, the area lurking underneath the tower was reserved in the sixteenth century for prisoners' cells.
The Spasskaya Toweris also sometimes known as the Savior Tower due to its association with the icon figure of the same name. Constructed in 1491 by the Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari, it features an ornate hipped roof and a large clockface denoting the official Moscow time. Located in the eastern section of the Moscow Kremlin Wall, it was the former main entrance to the Kremlin and today is only opened to allow the entrance of presidential motorcades, victory parades and other important events. The top of the tower gates is inscribed with a statement in dedication to Prince Ivan III of Russia and a restored wall painted icon of Smolensk Savior, the saint. A red star was put up on top of the tallest spire of the tower in 1935 by the Soviet government, which together brings the height of the structure up to 71 meters (233 feet).