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House of the Vestals was the place of residence of the Vestal Virgins in Rome, where they lived just behind the Temple of Vesta. These priestesses belonged to the cult of Vesta. Today the house remains in ruins, with only the lower walls visible and the area is fenced off for public. The older house was destroyed completely in the Neronian fire of the 64 BC, and was rebuilt. The present remains are of this new house. But a few statues and magnificent pillars still continue to stand erect though they have been eroded by the passage of time.
Curia Julia was located in the capital city of Rome, Italy. The structure was built in the year 44 BCE by Julius Caesar and served as an assembly where issues were discussed and decisions made. A church was housed in the structure in 7th Century, due to which, Curia Julia is one of the very few structures to have survived till date.
On the far western end of the Roman Forum, the tall structure made of gleaming marble is the Arch of Septimius Severus or common among locals as Arco di Settimio Severo. Established in 203CE,, this arch was constructed as a tribute to Emperor Septimius Severus and his children's conquest over the Parthians. Standing at a height of 20.88 meters (68.6 feet), this is structure has beautiful carvings of the victorious battle etched onto its facade. The top of this memorial is embellished with sculpture of the emperor and his children.
The two enormous statues in the Tempio dei Castore e Polluce are Roman copies of Greek sculptures and date back to the 5th Century BC. They represent Castor and Pollux, patrons of riders, and they were placed at the entrance of the Terme di Costantino. Pope Sixtus V had the statues restored in 1588 and moved to the piazza when Quirinale became a papal residence. The Obelisk was placed here two centuries later, having been transferred from the Mausoleo di Augusto. It was joined by a large trough in the 1800s from which horses and other beasts were watered.
Just like the Colosseum, the Temple of Saturn is a prominent icon of ancient Rome's prosperity and architectural grandiose. It is not hard to find this landmark, although only a few columns of the temple survive; the ruins of the temple jut out at the base of the touristy Capitoline Hill. The history of this temple dates back to 497 BCE, having been built under the seventh and last king of Rome - Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. It is known that the temple underwent facelifts several times during the Republic era, however remained consecrated to the Saturn God. A definite must-visit for Roman history enthusiasts.
An ancient monument, Temple of Vesta is found close to the Regia in Roman Forum. House of the Vestal Virgins is also in close proximity to the Temple of Vesta. One of the most striking features of Temple of Vesta is its round-shaped footprint. The architectural style of this edifice is Greek. Probably, it was was designed by an architect of easten Greek descent. Temple of Vesta is also built with classic Greek construction material, Pentelic marble. This marble is sourced from Athens. Presently, Temple of Vesta is in good condition and this can be attributed to the fact that it was rebuilt into a cathedral. As per some old records, Temple of Vesta was the chapel of S. Stefano alle Carozze.
Among the many symbols of ancient Rome's prosperity and veneration for deities, the Temple of Vespasian and Titus is a significant one. Located on the Western edge of Roman Forum, it can be easily spotted at the base of Capitoline Hill, between the temples of Saturn and Concordia. The temple was built in the honor of the defied Flavian emperor Vespasian and his son Titus. All that remains of the monument today are the three Corinthian columns, fragments of the podium and cella (the inner chamber). Look up the Flavian Dynasty for a detailed account of this temple through the eras and surely pay a visit atleast once.
A medieval temple located in Rome, Italy, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina was later built into a chapel of San Lorenzo. Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is found in the Forum Romanum. Situated right opposite to the Regia, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is a wonderful attraction on Via Sacra. Construction of the temple began in 141 CE. Emperor Antoninus Pius laid the foundation of this temple and dedicated it to his deified and deceased spouse, Faustina the Elder. After the emperor's demise, the temple was dedicated to both of them. Its conversion to a Roman Catholic church dates back to as early as the 7th Century. Usually closed for public access, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina can be visited between 10a to 12p on Thursdays.