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This cemetery is 70 hectares. In the eastern section of the cemetery lie common graves of the 'Defenders of Leningrad', those who perished defending the city during the terrible siege of the 'Great Fatherland War';the Second World War. The cemetery has got another name;Georgiievskoe (George's)as there was once a church here named after George the Victor.
Founded at the Botanical Institute, on Petrogradskaia Storona, the Garden is open to the general public. A park laid out in the open air presents hundreds of plant species from various corners of the world; from Northern America to China. Three big hothouses host rare collections of tropical plants: orchids, cacti, palm trees and many more. It is the oldest and largest collection in St. Petersburg. You can also buy some of the exotic plants for home decoration.
The most striking sight as you enter this park these days is some blood red graffiti demanding "Bring Lenin back!". This has been written behind the podium where his statue used to stand. The rest of the park is a source of recreation for residents of the Chernishevskaia area, including strolling couples and their dogs, and a multitude of children chasing after their footballs and playing. You may also discover groups of older men stooped over chessboards looking very analytical. Entry is free.
In 1704, Peter the Great employed Frenchman Le Blond to design a luxurious formal garden in the manner of Versailles. In 1777, the beautiful garden with fountains, imported trees and more than 200 Italian statues was unfortunately ruined by a flood. Today's slightly more austere incarnation can be ascribed to the more restrained taste of Catherine the Great. Nowadays, more than 80 statues reside at the park; in the winter, they are eerily encased in wooden boxes for protection from the winter elements. In the summer, the relaxed calm of the gardens makes it a popular destination for weddings and parties.
The land included under the name of Fields of Mars includes the Summer Gardens, Mikhailovskii Gardens and the grounds of the Marble Palace among others. This park gets its name from the Roman War God, Mars, and has is named so because military parades and training exercises were held there in Peter the Great's time. Also known as Marsovo Pole, it covers an area of 25 acres (10.1171 hectares) and is a popular summer hang-out. An eternal flame dedicated to the revolution still burns at the heart of the park.
Mikhailov Gardens is the beautiful park you can see if you peer out the windows during a tour of the Russian Museum is a very popular sun-bathing spot, where locals enjoy some warm rays after the long winters at Saint Petersburg. It is also where buskers go to prey on the generosity of passers-by and groups of students hang around chatting and sipping beer. Feel this place come alive during the various Summer Festivals that it hosts every year.
Located close to the Alexander Nevsky-II metro station, the Tikhvin Cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Lara Monastery is one of St Petersburg's most popular attractions. Opened in 1823, it is famous for being the final resting place for some of Russia's greatest literature and music giants like Fyodor Dostoevsky, Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Modest Mussorgsky. A number of other notable musicians, authors, scholars and composers are also buried here and people from all corners of the world come to the cemetery to pay their respects to these cultural heroes. Shaded by beautiful mature trees, it is a peaceful place where one can get away from the busy city streets of St Petersburg and admire the many ornately carved monuments and gravestones dedicated to its residents.
The first burial at this cemetery took place in 1905. At that time this area lay in the countryside, and the original occupants of the graves were local peasants and village-dwellers. In 1907, the wooden church in the name of the saint Serafim Sarovskii was built in just 87 days. This church is one of those lucky few not to have their doors slammed shut by the coming of atheist communism in 1917, and is also notable for holding divine services during the horrors of the blockade during the Second World War.