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The village of Kuokkala was renamed Repino in 1948. Kuokkala is best known for Penaty, the country-estate where the great Russian artist Il'ia Repin spent the last thirty years of his life. The artist himself considerably changed its appearance. Adjoining the estate is a delightful park with summer-houses and ponds. On the estate is a museum housing an exhibition of Repin's life and works.
Kronshtadt is a naval fortress town on Kotlin island in the Gulf of Finland, founded by Peter the Great in 1704. It is a distinctive 18th, 19th and early 20th century architectural jumble. Its main attraction is the Marine (Morskoi) Cathedral, a pseudo-Byzantine structure built under V. Kosiakov. The harbours, Peter the Great's canals and docks, provincial homes, the Italian palace and marine and coastal forts have all been preserved. The town was officially "closed" until 1996. The Kronshtadt Fort museum, within the Marine Cathedral, works from 10a-5pm W-Su. Bus 510 gets you there from Chernaia Rechka or Staraia Derevnia metro stations. From Tuchkov Bridge on Vasilevskii Island, the "Meteor" motor-ship takes 35 minutes. There is also a 40-minute long ferry-journey from Lomonosov. Coach trips to Kronshtadt, taking in Kotlin's Marine Fort, are organised from Gostinyi Dvor (Nevskii Propekt 35) starting at 2:30p and lasting 4-5 hours.
Zelenogorsk (Green Hill Town) is a small resort town on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, 50 kilometers from St. Petersburg. It used to be Finnish territory and was called Terijoki until 1948. Now it is a very popular place for people to spend their holidays or just come and rest for several days to enjoy fresh air. The town is surrounded by sparkling lakes, green forests and hills which are suitable for cross country skiing in the winter.
Commissioned by Peter the Great and built from 1722 to 1742 by Italian architect Domenico Trezzini, the Twelve Colleges is now part of St. Petersburg State University. The building is something of an architectural curiosity - the red and white facade is 400 meters long and the interior is made up from a single corridor with offices and lecture halls on either side. Peter orginally intended that the building would symbolize his ideal of an orderly, efficient Russian state.
Founded by Tsar Peter I, the city of St. Petersburg is located on the banks of the river Neva and is close to the Gulf of Finland. This city illustrates the rich Russian culture and art beautifully. Be it the Peter and Paul Fortress, or the Summer Palace and Gardens, Cabin of Peter the Great, the historical monuments in the city will surely amuse you. Its not just the history of the city that would captivate your interest but the marvelous art galleries and museums too will attract your attention.
The 18th and first half of the 19th century Strel'na Palace and Park complex is 27kms from St Petersburg on the way to Petrodvorets. Peter I had a summer residence here. In 1707, Poputnye Khoromy - a mansion - was built on the spot where Strel'na's small river flows into the Gulf of Finland and this is where he lodged. In 1711, a wooden palace was built and from 1716-1720, Rastrelli, Le Blanc and Machetti worked on the foundation of Strel'na's diagramatically laid-out park. The complex's main attraction is the Grand (Constantine) Palace built under Machetti between 1720 and 1730, with contributions from Meier, Voronikhin, Rouscault and others. In 1797, the complex came into the hands of Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich (Paul I's son) and was passed on to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich (Nicholas I's son) in 1831. It suffered considerable damage during the war years. Strelna can be reached by trams no. 36 & 60 (Sat only) or by minibuses no. T-300, T-103 & T-424 going to Petrodvorets from Avtovo metro station. Alternatively, take the elektrichka from Baltic station in the direction of Oranienbaum.
The Road of life is a famous World Heritage site which marks the long route taken by the trapped citizens during the siege of St Petersburg in World War II. For more than three years, the road was built by laborers every winter to provide a transport route for food supplies and weapons to and from the city as well as an escape way for million of starving Soviet civilians. However, due to the harsh weather conditions and limited necessities, thousands of people perished while crossing the route. Today, it is an important historical landmark of the nation, visited by a number of people every year who come to pay their respects to the victims at the various monuments, memorials and statues located along the length of the road.
Situated on the corner of the Fontanka Canal and Nevskii Prospekt, the palace passed through a series of Imperial hands before Alexander II presented it to his son Alexander III on his wedding day. In 1936, absolutely everything here was given away to other museums throughout Russia. A year later it became the Palace of Young Pioneers, the Communist youth movement. It is now called the Palace of Youth Creativity, and you will have to book ahead if you want a good look around.