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One of Washington's newest memorials, the Korean War Veterans Memorial pays tribute to the many who fought in the Korean War. Located near the Lincoln Memorial, this monument features statues of 19 soldiers carefully making their way through unknown terrain. Photographic images on a 164-foot granite wall pays tribute to the thousands of others who contributed to the war; nurses, mechanics, crew chiefs and support personnel. Inscribed on the wall are the words: "Freedom Is Not Free."
When it was unveiled in 1982, nothing but controversy met the design of Vietnam Veterans Memorial to the 58,000 Americans who died in the Vietnam War or remain missing in action. Maya Ying Lin may have been no more than a 21-year-old graduate student when she won the design contest for this memorial, but her work is now etched in the memories of countless visitors who have walked along this black granite wall filled with names.
A 12-foot (4-meter) sculpture of Albert Einstein is seated on a bench in front of the National Academy of Sciences. The sculpture, by Robert Berk, is done in the same style as the artist's famous bust of President John F. Kennedy, located in the Kennedy Center. The Academy of Sciences often features free art exhibits on both science related and non-science related topics.
The foreign policy of the United States is developed in the rooms of the Department of State building. Of particular interest are the Diplomatic Reception Rooms on the top floor, which are used to entertain heads of state and foreign diplomats. The furnishings include the desk on which the Treaty of Paris was signed and a Paul Revere bowl. It is best to register for a tour in advance. Reservations for summer tours should be made at least three months ahead of a visit.
The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial is an impressive memorial honoring the life of the important civil rights activist. Martin Luther King, Jr. worked to create equality and world peace, and he has inspired millions. The memorial is based around justice, hope and democracy. It includes a 30 foot (9 meters) statue of Martin Luther King, Jr. along with quotes from some of his addresses and sermons.
In close proximity to the celebrated National Mall, lies the West Potomac Park. It is a prominent U.S. National Park that features important memorials like the Korean War Veterans Memorial, World War II Memorial and so forth. Apart from that, you can also enjoy views of the Tidal Basin or take a stroll along the splendid Constitution Gardens. Every year, this park hosts Cherry Blossom Festival that is well-attended.
This monument is not only a memorial to the nation's 32nd president, but also to the people of his time. The monument stretches along the Tidal Basin with four outdoor gallery rooms and is connected by granite passageways. Each room exhibits aspects of Franklin D. Roosevelt's terms in office. The second room, for example, depicts the Great Depression with statues waiting in a bread line. Another room contains a statue of Eleanor Roosevelt, the only memorial to honor a First Lady. The monument also features waterfalls and pools.
Dedicated on May 29, 2004, the World War II Memorial is the first national memorial to honor “Americans who took up the struggle during the Second World War and made the sacrifices to perpetuate the gift our forefathers entrusted to us: A nation conceived in liberty and justice,” as the announcement stone proclaims. The design by architect Friedrich St. Florian marks the Pacific and European Theaters of World War II with magnificent arches and remembers the 400,000 Americans who died with 4,000 stars along the Freedom Wall. It is located on the National Mall between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument.