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The Grossmunster is possibly Zurich's best-known landmark. The crypt, dating from the latter part of the 11th Century, counts amongst the oldest surviving elements of the original Carolingian Münster or cathedral. The 12th Century brought the introduction of the nave and its impressive cloister, while the galleried basilica dates from a later period. The imposing twin towers displaying elements of Roman, Gothic and New Gothic styles, along with the frequently altered plans for extensions, caused a lengthy building phase. In 1762 the bell tower was destroyed by fire and following this the twin towers were given their present characteristic design. It was as a result of the reformation that the Grossmünster was transformed into the more soberly designed religious building it is today. Make sure you see the Sigmar Polke window.
St. Peters Kirche or St. Peter's Church, is Zurich's oldest church and also has the largest clock face in Europe. Apparently, a gigantic clock face makes standing the test of time easier. The church is a living piece of history and worth an afternoon exploration. Occasionally there are also events held here. Check the website for more information.
In about the year 1270 the Order of St. Augustine built a monastery church in the Gothic style near Zürich's western city wall. During the Reformation in the 16th century the place of worship was sometimes given a secular function. It served as a mint and a warehouse. Later the first Zürich university moved into the building. Only at the end of the 19th century did the people of Zürich remember their old church.
Churches have been a part of rich culture in any Christian region, mainly in the European parts. The Wasserkirche also known as the Water church has distinct architecture like the rest of the city. It was known for its cult sects and though records show that the original sanctuary was built in the 10th Century, the complete structure was constructed in 1486. It became the city's public library, the first of its kind in 1634 and was one of the bases of the the University of Zurich. During its long history, it went through a series of changes in its use, however since the 1940s it is used by the Evangelical-Reformed State Church of the Canton of Zürich. This intricate, late-Gothic building will transport you to the medieval times with its antiquity. It is also renowned for its cultural events.
The Fraumünster is famed for its incredibly colorful stained-glass windows designed by Marc Chagall. The church was, however, built a long time before the window was created and was a present from Ludwig des Deutschen (literally, “Ludwig of the Germans”) to his daughter, who was the first Abbess of the ladies' chapter. Not only did she rule over extensive territory, she also had a private mint; however, only the cloister and church with its romantic choir and Gothic nave were spared the wrath of the Reformation. The tower on the left-hand side of the building was erected in 1732 and presents a refreshing antithesis to the nearby twin towers of the Grossmünster.
This quaint church, erected in 1920 is a very versatile facility. Under its roof, you'll find classrooms, event halls, tower parlors and more. The clock tower is a grand one, and its lofty presence provides hope and cheer to the surrounding neighborhood. Architecturally, this may not be nearly as ancient as other churches in the region, but its design speaks to an important era in European history nonetheless.