This educating tour around the historical city of Athens, is truly an enriching experience. The walkers meet at the Syntagma Metro Station and then the tour on foot, begins. You get to visit various iconical monuments and sites dotting the city. The 12 places that the tour takes you include the Zeus Temple and the Acropolis, depicting the ancient culture of Greece. If you plan to visit the city, do take Athens Walking Tours for a great experience.
Perched atop the crest of a rocky promontory, the Acropolis of Athens is a stunning spectacle of Greek Antiquity, and is counted among the most significant architectural complexes ever built. At the centerpiece of this ancient citadel is the abode of Goddess Athena – the remarkable Parthenon, which became the paragon of classical Greek architecture. Scattered across the rest of this legendary religious complex are several other monumental remnants of the world's first democracy, a sea of historic structures that were stupendously planned and constructed by statesman Pericles of Athens. The Propylaea forms an arresting gateway to the Acropolis of Athens, while the Temple of Erechtheion on the complex's north side pays ode to Poseidon and Athena. The Ionic Temple of Athena Nike rests on the southwest corner of the Acropolis and dates back to 420 BCE. A stoic symbol of victory, this temple was named after Goddess Athena.
Three hills located west of the Acropolis have played a major role in the history of Athens. Next to the entrance of the Acropolis stands Arios Pagos, the seat of the court of ancient Athens. This is where the apostle Paul preached to the Athenians. Further to the west is Pnyx, the birthplace of democracy. It served as the world's first assembly point during the 5th century BCE. It is now the site of a sound and light show running each night from April to October. Philopappou is the tallest of these three hills. On the hilltop stands the Philopappos Monument—a marble tower built in the 2nd century CE.
Dedicated to Goddess Athena, the Parthenon is arguably one of the most recognized monuments of Greece. Located within the site of Acropolis, the marvelous and magnificent structure has a history that dates back to 447 BCE. Over the centuries, the Parthenon has witnessed many changes, destruction and reconstructions, along with a thoroughly mesmerizing history. It still stands tall, over 13.72 meters (45 feet) in height, representing the glorious Grecian history and all things classical. As such it is home to several Hellenic artifacts, invaluable artworks and sculptures.
A hit with the public as soon as it opened in 2009, the museum gives context to the Acropolis and displays its sculptures in a relaxed and visually stunning style. The building, designed by Swiss architect Bernard Tschumi, is worth a visit in its own right. Clear information panels, helpful films, strolling archaeologists to answer your questions, and plenty of space and light in which to walk among the statues, make this one of the great museums of Europe. There is also an excellent café-restaurant and shop on-site (don't miss the Parthenon fridge-magnets).
Mount Lycabettus or Lykavittos, located in the city of Athens, is a limestone hill belonging to the Cretaceous era. Sheathing its base are pine trees and at the peak are the Chapel of St. George, a restaurant, and a theater. Standing 300 meters (908 feet) above the sea level, this hill is a very popular with the tourists. Various artists like Bob Dylan, James Brown and Ray Charles have performed at the open- air theater, located at the peak of the hill. Hop in the railway car at the Lycabettus Funicular station, and ascend the hill to to discover a magnificent view of the city.