The sight of the American flag flying over Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to pen the 'Star Spangled Banner'. The fort is best known for the part it played during the War of 1812, successfully holding off an attack by the British Navy. When Scott Key saw the flag still flying over the fort after surviving the attack, he wrote the poem that became the national anthem. Today, the fort is a National Historic Park. The restored barracks hold exhibits of military and historical artifacts and a well-kept trail runs along the water's edge, affording spectacular views of ships entering and leaving the busy harbor.
Towering above Mount Vernon Place is Baltimore's Washington Monument. The marble Doric column towers 178 feet (54.25 meters) with a statue of George Washington at its crown. The reward for climbing the steep, winding 228 steps is a breathtaking, bird's-eye view of Baltimore. The base contains a small museum with exhibits chronicling the architecture and development of the monument, which took nearly 15 years to build (1815-1829).
Rawlings Conservatory is one of the aged glass conservatories in United States. This wonderful gem in Druid Hill Park houses the second oldest Palm House in the country which is huge and boasts a notable Victorian architecture. There is a small sweet orchid room adjacent to it, which features a rotation of blooming orchids from different parts of the world. The Palm house has large specimen palms like the Bismarck, and has some houses attached to it which feature climatic areas like the Mediterranean, Tropical, and Desert. The garden outside has stunning specimens of plants where you can enjoy a picnic with children. This conservatory is dedicated to foster an appreciation for plants from across the globe, and to build an understanding about the vital roles they play.
St. Michael the Archangel Ukrainian Catholic Church, one of the earliest Ukrainian churches in Baltimore, was first built to cater to the Ukrainian community that moved here during the late 18th century. The church building is topped with five beautiful golden domes that are crowned with crucifixes, a typical feature of Orthodox church architecture. It hosts numerous religious functions and activities and shows the path of spiritual growth to the patrons.
The four squares that surround the historic Washington Monument together form Mount Vernon Place. These four squares were created after the monument was built in order to create a spectacular setting for it. Although the monument is the crowning jewel of the park, by itself too the park is a sight to behold. Verdant trees, grass and shrubs, paved walkways, and beautiful statues and fountains dot the park, making it one of the finest urban landscapes in the world. Mount Vernon Place also has plenty of benches and dining options and is surrounded by houses that have still retained their old-world charm, making it a great spot for spending a peaceful day. Located nearby are the Lexington Market, the Hippodrome Theater, and the Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall.
Dating back to 1911, the Emerson Bromo Seltzer tower is credited to Captain Isaac Emerson. A 15 storey structure, it was stylistically inspired by Florence's Palazzo Vecchio tower and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Until 1936, a 51-foot replica of the famed blue bottle revolved on top of the building, illuminated by 596 lights. Today, a blue glow emanates from the tower's cupola and the structure's four clock faces are illuminated at all times, allowing passersby to see the Bromo Seltzer letters that mark the time. The tower is also houses to an arts facility, showcasing exhibitions by resident as well as other artists.
A modern marvel in its own right, Baltimore Penn Station is one of the busiest train stations in the United States. Built in 1911, this beaux-arts style structure is now one of the most convenient and well-organised rail-stations in the country. A fairly large space, this building can be considered a work of art, with its marvelous architectural designs which include high ceilings with stained glass roofs, vintage pillars and fascinating lighting. This station makes commuters' lives easier with cutting-age technology which includes multiple televisions displaying train routes and timings, automated ticket-vending machines, several payphones and a steady internet connection throughout the building.