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Plaça de la Seu is the square that houses Barcelona's main cathedral, known as La Seu, the square's namesake. Plaça de la Seu is one of the busiest squares in the city, due to its central location in the popular Barri Gótic (Gothic Quarter) of the city. The square has been a popular and busy meeting place in the city ever since Roman times when it housed a Roman Basilica, and in 1298 the Cathedral was built, solidifying the square's role as a landmark and destination for the resident and visiting populations. In addition to the cathedral, today the square houses numerous restaurants and Tapas bars, making it a popular tourist destination at all hours of the day and night.
It houses numerous art-galleries and bookstores in its wake, making the Carrer Petritxol a much traveled street. Go through the lane to discover ancient murals on the adjacent walls that reveal the artistic bend of the people. There are many famous stores too like Dulcinea selling hot chocolate for a long time now. The Ganiveteria Roca is a famous knife store-a landmark in these parts. Also worth visiting is the Llibreria Quera which has a host of books on all subjects.
The name comes from the Basílica de Santa Maria del Pi, and from St Josep Oriol, who is buried there. The two squares are consecutive; one leads into the other. A sculpture of Àngel Guimerà resides in Sant Josep Oriol—he was a very important writer representative of a Catalan cultural movement called La Renaixença in the 19th Century. There are art and food markets here, as well as musicians playing and singing in the street, with people listening to them from the terraces of the many pleasant cafés surrounding the two squares.
Painted in soul-stirring Gothic splendor the likes of which the world has rarely seen, the Barcelona Cathedral is a striking religious landmark, and the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona. This historic cathedral is dedicated to Eulalia, a patron saint of Barcelona whose crypt sits peacefully beneath its high altar. While construction on the cathedral officially lasted between the 13th and 15th centuries, the majority of the work was finished in the 14th Century. After its completion in 1420, the Barcelona Cathedral revealed expert craftsmanship in everything from skilfully rendered Gothic cloisters, to mythical gargoyles that protectively watch over the cathedral, lending to an architectural significance that persists even today. Perhaps the most festive legacy left by the cathedral is the Catalan tradition of the dancing egg, which is said to have originated when a hollowed egg was filled with wax and left to dance atop the jets of the cloister fountain, in honor of the Feast of Corpus Christi. The cathedral, adorned with intricate spires built atop a handsome nave and marvelous bell towers, vies for domination over the city's skyline with another priestly landmark, the Sagrada Família.
Gaze at the ancient frescoes that depict scenes from the aftermath of the Catalan-French resistance of 1809. In these pictures one can witness the guillotine of the Catalan resistance leaders. While three paintings show five Catalan leaders waiting to be hanged, one has a still of the three agitators who started the uprising of the Catalans. They surrendered only to hanged later. At this square, apart from the history that can be gauged, one can also witness the passers-by and get a taste of the local scene.