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Construction on the impressive Eltz Castle began some time in the 9th-Century. Continued up through the 11th-Century, when the main portion of the castle was built; this structure can still be seen today. Eltz Castle was the home of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in the 12th Century. Following a family feud in the 13th Century, the castle came to be known as 'Ganerbenburg' for housing several lineages in its many rooms, and not just the royal family alone. Encompassed by the Elzbach River, it is characterized by its eight towers. A tour of the Eltz Castle gives visitors a glimpse of the courtyard, treasury, armor room, kitchen and the picturesque grounds. The castle was featured on the 500 Deutsche Mark note of Germany.
Burg Pfalzgrafenstein or Pfalzgrafenstein Castle, or simply the Pfalz, is a historic toll collecting station. In administration since the 14th Century, tolls ceased in 1867, but the castle retained its unique architecture. Built on the Falkenau island over the Rhine, its dimensions match that of the island. A pentagonal tower, baroque tower top, turrets and gun bastions were added over the centuries. A short ferry ride from the Kaub shore takes visitors to this present day museum.
An imposing structure in Rhineland-Palatinate, the Schaumburg Castle was established somewhere in the 12th century. Initially a major military fortress, it was later transformed into a residential structure. Today, the castle, which is made primarily of basaltic rock, shaped like an octagon with towers in the corners. Only the outer bailey and the southern door still remain from the earlier fortress.
Standing on a prominent rock formation near the beautiful village of Pillig, the Pyrmont Castle has been watching over its viridescent surroundings since the 12th-century. Allegedly built by Cuno of Schonburg, it also housed the first Lord of Pyrmont Cuno II. The castle's architecture is reminiscent of the Staufer era and incorporates many features like the 80.38 foot-tall (24.5 meters) bergfried and the stunning 15th-century Zwinger. its keeps offer impressive views of the Mosel valley.
Neuwied stands at the confluence of the Rhein and Wied rivers and is one of the largest cities in the state. Established in 1653, it quickly grew into a multi-cultural society thanks to the exceptional religious freedoms that were granted to its citizens. Rapid industrialization in the 19th Century helped the city become one of the earliest industrial towns in the region. Visitors to Neuwied will not only discover the evocative historic structures and religious monuments that speak of the city's past, but also the intriguing cultural establishments that showcase its progress as a modern city. Some of the city's highlights include Engers Palace, Rommersdorf Abbey, Neuwied Zoo and Neuwied Stadtgalerie.