Inaugurated on May 25, 1908 with the opera Aida by Giuseppe Verdi, its architecture reflects the Italian Renaissance. The elaborate plaster moldings, stained glass dome, sweeping staircase, sculpted busts with gold-leaf details, frescoes, French furnishings and gargantuan chandelier in the theater hall are some of the elements which create the unparalleled opulence. Despite much needed structural maintenance, the acoustics are difficult to surpass. Some 2500-theater goers experience some of the world's finest ballet along with the Colón's own Ballet Estable, Filarmónica symphony orchestra and opera during seasonal performances. Guided tours are available during the week by telephone, or through the website. Box office hours vary on show days. Check website or call ahead for more information.
La Recoleta was a church graveyard until 1882, when the Governor opened it to the general public and renamed it Cemetery of the North. Small, and situated on the city's most valuable land, its importance resides in the many illustrious people that rest here. One of the most visited tombstones is Eva Peron's. The majority of materials used in the construction of tombs between 1880 and 1930 were imported from Paris and Milan, and important sculptural works grace many of the tombs. Every Sunday there are free guided visits at 2:30pm.
Founded in 1937, the National Museum for Decorative Art is the former palatial mansion of the wealthy Argentine Errázuriz Alvear family. The interiors of this lavish building retain the French-inspired architectural floor plan and embellishments. The expansive underground coach house and storage area, antechambers, bedrooms and servant's quarters comprise the exhibit spaces for over 4000 pieces of European and Oriental objets d'art. The reception and main halls on the ground floor are adorned with renaissance-style windowpanes, sculpted corbels and a fireplace which dominates the space for its sheer size. The decorative objects on exhibit include exquisite furnishings, tapestries, silverware, porcelain, ivory, paintings, sculptures and European miniatures from the XVI to XX centuries. There is a gift boutique and the elegant Croque Madame restaurant/bar is an ideal way to enjoy a drink, snack or high tea. Admission is free on Tuesdays.
Founded in 2001 and started with just the permanent collection owned by its director, Eduardo Constantini, MALBA aims at promoting Latin American art in all its disciplines. Constantini donated to this post-modern gallery works of art that take us on a journey through the history of Spanish American art, from the beginning of its avant-garde movement at the turn of the century to the present. The Colección Costantini is arranged in such a way to expose the similarities as well as the differences between the artists, other than in chronological order. There are workshops, children activities, temporary exhibitions and work experience for students. Own car park. Â Â
In 1871, with the outbreak of yellow fever, these mansions were soon overtaken by squatters, creating the city's historic conventillos (tenement houses). Indeed, it was not until 1970 that an edict stipulated protection for property owners. Today the neighborhood of San Pedro Telmo is an important historic and popular corner of the city. Locals and tourists alike flock to the Plaza Dorrego on the oldest street in the city, for the antique market and vibrant street performances, including tango, held on Sunday from 10a to 6p. On the corner of Independencia and Balcarce streets is El Viejo Almacén, a traditional tango establishment.
This Catholic cathedral was finished in 1862, when the facade and the imposing Corinthian columns of the pronaos at the entrance were completed. The remains of the Great Liberator General José de San Martín rest in a guarded mausoleum, flanked by three statues representing Liberty, Commerce and Labour along with seals of the nation's neighboring countries. Its renaissance elements include the tiled dome, and the architectural floor plan of a Latin cross, comprised of three naves, divided by pilasters and interconnected chapels. Paintings and sculptures of European artists from the 18th Century and the baroque Altarpiece from Alto Peru are highlights.