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Believed to be home of the early Malay rulers during the 13th Century, the alleged tomb of Sultan Iskandar Shah is said to be rested in this historic park. Higher above in the Fort Canning Park is Singapore's first Christian cemetery, established in 1822 by Sir Stamford Raffles. Look out for Raffles' sundial, which marks where Singapore's first Government House once stood. The house was demolished in 1857 when the British Army used the hill as a fort. Some early 20th Century constructions have been restored and transformed into a performing arts center, recreation centers and a museum exhibiting a World War II underground bunker.
The first step of an ambitious plan to transform Singapore into the 'Garden City' or 'City in the Garden,' the Gardens by the Bay span a staggering 101 hectares (250 acres) of reclaimed land alongside the Marina Reservoir. From its grove of skyscraping Supertrees to the space-age biodomes, these waterfront gardens are anything but ordinary. Complete with its own waterfall, the Cloud Forest replicates a tropical paradise, while the Flower Dome encapsulates quintessentially Mediterranean climes. Even more fascinating is the Sun Pavilion with its collection of cacti and the topiaries of the World of Plants. Mesmerizing works of art are scattered across the three gardens - Bay East, Bay West and Bay Central - while the Heritage Gardens showcase Chinese, Malay and Indian culture through themed natural spaces. A magical world of wonders, Singapore's Gardens by the Bay are an awe-inspiring horticultural showcase of 21st-century design.
Singapore Botanic Gardens have proudly found a place on the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage list. The gardens are a paradisaical expanse replete with lush, blooming greens that were founded in 1859 with a mission to cultivate plants of economic potential. Today, with more than 600,000 plant specimens, it is clearly one of the world's largest botanical reserves. The park provides a comprehensive introduction to plants in a variety of settings, from rolling lawns and orchid gardens to tropical droves and a rejuvenating rainforest. The grounds of the botanic gardens also harbor various other attractions including options for dining and garden's specifically designed for children.
Featuring more than 700 species of orchids, the National Orchid Garden was opened in 1996 and boasts the largest orchid display in the world. The 2100 hybrids found here are the result of an orchid-breeding program, which began in 1928. Catch a glimpse of Singapore's national flower (Vanda Miss Joaquim) and the diverse breeds of its family in stunning orchid terraces. Publications, orchid plants and other orchid-related items are available at the Entrance Pavilion. Orchid jewelry, made by plating real orchids with gold, makes for great souvenirs and gift ideas.
The Evolution Garden is one of the theme gardens within the famous Singapore Botanic Gardens. It tells the amazing story of how plants evolved from simple bacteria growing on rocks to the diverse flowers and trees that we know today. It is also the most educational of the attractions within the Botanic Gardens, with trails following a timeline beginning 300 million years ago. As you explore the garden, you can watch the process of natural evolution, including how plants evolve from lichens to ferns, then petrified trees to modern plants. Information signs explain each step and free guided tours are available as well.
An alluring jewel embedded along the southern coast of Singapore, the East Coast Beach Park is lovingly mottled with a tapestry of emerald groves coconut palms and Casuarinas, warm blue waters and a pristine stretch of sand. One of Singapore's longest and most-frequented beach parks, the East Coast Park is an outdoor wonderland par excellence. Here is where sports enthusiasts and nature lovers alike, gather in complete solidarity to admire the sheer joy this place has to provide. Playing host to an array of activities including cycling, rollerblading, in-line skating and jogging among others, the park is flecked with a range of scenic chalets, barbeque spots, and a large number of entertainment and dining destinations. A tracery of winding trails slither through its charming landscape, while the pristine, ornamental beach is one of the park's most picturesque spots. Major attractions of the park include the East Coast Lagoon Food Village, the expansive Bedok Jetty, the rolling Parkland Green and the serene Siglap Canal.
Not far from the hustle and bustle of the city is this teeming reserve where nature unravels its breathtaking semblances. A wonderland for hiking, mountain biking and simply walking, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is a magnificent canvas swathed in unhindered wilderness. Nestled under the shadow of the mighty Bukit Timah Hill, the reserve is riddled with a tapestry of natural wonders like winding trails and invigorating patches of rainforests. Established in 1883, this expansive reserve is considered to be one of the only two tropical rain forests worldwide within city boundaries. Mottled with towering tropical trees, palms, rattans, sinuous lianas and dense carpets of ferns, the forest is home to creatures like long-tailed macaques, pangolin and flying lemurs which roam free and wild across its raw landscape. A series of steps lead visitors to the Bukit Timah Hill which offers panoramic views of reservoirs in the central catchment district. Elaborate and insightful, the reserve's Visitor Center displays specimens, photographs and interactive displays of the wildlife that resides here.
Representing two cultures of contrasting architectures, Chinese & Japanese Gardens are set on adjacent islands in Jurong Lake linked by the Bridge of Double Beauty. The Chinese Garden is fashioned according to imperial Sung dynasty architecture with twin pagodas, pavilions, rockeries, a tea gallery and arched bridges. The Japanese Garden is laid out in contrasting simplicity, embracing classical Japanese motifs such as Zen rock gardens, traditional summer houses, stone lanterns and gilded arched bridges. Plain and serene, it is a conducive place for meditation, poetic inspiration or just a quiet picnic.
Pasir Ris Park is a tranquil park that includes a six-hectare (645,800 square feet) mangrove forest. The forest is a designated as a bird and nature reserve to preserve the mangroves and wetland wildlife. Raised boardwalks allow you to observe mangrove ecology at close range without getting your shoes all muddy. Visitors can climb the three-story Bird Watching Tower to get even closer to the wildlife.The park also has one of the largest children's playgrounds in Singapore.