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This museum is a monument to the famous Danish sculptor, Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) that is located in a beautiful building close to Christiansborg and Gammel Strand. In 1838, the artist donated all his magnificent sculptures to the city of Copenhagen. He financed the building of the museum, designed by Gotlieb Bindesbøll, from 1838-48. Outside, you will see a couple of friezes that depict the homecoming of Thorvaldsen from Rome in 1838, made by Jürgen Sonne. The original friezes were replaced by copies in 1948-58. The interior of the museum was inspired by the old Pompeii and the wonderful frescoes were created by artists living at that time. In the cellar you can see Thorvaldsen's own drawings and model sketches, as well as some of his personal belongings. He is buried under the museum's yard.
Christiansborg Slot is home to the Parliament, the Supreme Court and the Prime Minister's Department. Bishop Absalon built his castle on this site as far back as 1167, though in 1732 the building of a magnificent Baroque castle began at the request of Christian VI. Christianborg had to be rebuilt twice after it burned down, once in 1794 and once in 1880. A third Christiansborg was built between 1907 and 1923 in Baroque style according to architect Thorvald Jørgensen's drawings, and this is the one that stands on the site today. Behind the castle, you'll find stables and grounds that date from Christian VI's old Baroque building. In the summer, the riding grounds are used for theater performances and concerts.
The regal Rosenberg Castle can be seen from a far distance, much like the far-reaching impact of Danish royalty. Built by Danish monarch Christian IV in characteristic Dutch Renaissance style, the castle has an almost fairy-tale like architecture in Kongens Have. Rosenborg was originally a summer mansion outside the walls of the city, and was used as the royal residence sometime during the early eighteenth century. The castle is well-renowned for its decorated rooms and copper roof, although the main attraction is the Great Hall. It is known to feature stunning stucco ceilings, royal insignia, delicate frescoes and twelve tapestries that detail the victories of the throne in the Scanian War. The castle is surrounded by moats, and just outside the castle, a rose garden makes its way along the landscape. Rosenborg has been the home of the royal crown jewels and also serves as a museum of the royal family.
Brightly hued townhouses line the banks of Nyhavn, their vibrant reflection in the rippled waters of the canal adding beauty to the waters, upon which sailboats glide. Red, blue, yellow and green, the banks of Nyhavn are akin to a box of colorful crayons. Nyhavn is a canal that links Copenhagen's harbor-front with the Kongens Nytorv; an ambitious project undertaken at the behest of King Christian V in the 17th Century. While the southern bank is lined with lavish mansions, the northern side is full of 17th-century and 18th-century townhouses, the oldest of which dates back to 1681. Once a major stop for sailors, Nyhavn's alehouses and pubs were forever brimming with life. Today, the townhouses have been restored and transformed into fine restaurants and cozy cafes that attract more crowds. Nonetheless, Nyhavn remains a popular summertime gathering place for locals who come here to relax by the harbor. The townhouses of Nyhavn have also been the home of several noted artists, including the fairy-tale writer Hans Christian Andersen and the artist H.G.F. Holm whose watercolors drew inspiration from Nyhavn's picturesque scene.
Christianshavn harbor was founded by Christian IV in the area between Slotsholmen and Amager. In the early years the people of the Christianshavn were given freedom from taxes in return for reclaiming the land and building houses on this bit of swampy land outside Copenhagen. The oldest houses, as for example Strandgade 30, go as far back as 1630. The well-known painters P.S. Krøyer and Wilhelm Hammershøi lived at this address. In the 19th Century a lot of industry moved into Christianshavn, the most famous factory being Burmeister and Wain (B&W). Today Christianshavn is a very hip place to live. In the summer, a nice, simple life is led along the many canals, especially at Overgaden Oven Vande and Overgaden Neden Vande. Many of the people of Christianshavn have a boat of their own and a mooring for it. Houseboats can also be seen here. Tourists have the opportunity of dicovering this side of Christianshavn by taking a trip with one of the canal tours.
Built by Frederik V to celebrate the 300th anniversary of the House of Oldenborg, Amalienborg consists of four palaces built around a square. These are Moltkes Palace (Christian VII's palace), Schackske Palace, Levetzau Palace and Brockdorfske Palace. Architect Niels Eigtved was heavily influenced by the Rococo style. Of the four palaces, Moltkes Palace is considered the most outstanding. When Christiansborg burned down in 1794, the royal family moved to Amalienborg, and since then it has been their official residence. The square is dominated by Saly's equestrian statue of Frederik V (1723-1766) which, together with the palace buildings, forms a breathtaking architectural ensemble. Fans of the royal family flock to the square once a year to celebrate Queen Margrethe's birthday. Two of the four palaces are open to the public on weekends from July to October.
A brilliantly designed star-shaped fortress near Langelinie, the Kastellet is one of the most well-maintained structures of its kind in Northern Europe. The historic citadel dates back to 1626, when it was founded by the monarch Christian IV. Historical drawings indicate that its bastions and moats are almost unchanged from when they were a part of the original structure built in 1660. The Kastellet harbors several military barracks and offices within its boundaries, although there are also tranquil green expanses punctuated by water features that visitors can explore. A small windmill within the citadel is reminiscent of the rural countryside, whereas a time-honored Baroque church and an 18th century prison assert the Kastellet's historic significance. Since most old trees have been removed, the Kastellet allows for excellent views over Langelinie, the harbor and the city center.
Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Roskilde Domkirke is a Gothic styled cathedral whose existence dates back to the 15th Century. Legend has it that the site served as the burial site of Danish Monarchs. Several events and concerts are also staged at the venue.