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Rows and rows of short white granite rise from the ground as a stark reminder of those who gave their lives in battle. This national cemetery is the second largest in the USA, and was established in 1863. Over 12,000 Union soldiers were buried here during the battles in and around Chattanooga, most notably "Andrews Raiders," the first four men to win Medals of Honor. Veterans of the Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korea and Vietnam are resting here, too. All U.S. Veterans of the Armed Forces are eligible for interment in this beautiful cemetery.
Mirroring Chattanooga’s unique heritage and the transformations that have taken place over time, Fort Wood is located close to the Eastern boundaries of Chattanooga of 1838. It was taken over by the city in 1851. During 1900 and 1910, Fort Wood gained prominence as an affluent neighborhood and many esteemed citizens built their homes here. The area still retain its charm and is beautifully lined with trees, and the structures are fine examples of the early 20th-century styles of architecture.
Long ago, the only way to reach the top of Lookout Mountain was via this mile-long railroad. Today, it is still a popular way to ascend the heights, but by tourists, not residents. The ride aboard the original rail cars provides a gorgeous view of the valley below and the ridge above. An informative narration along the ride tells the history of both the mountain and the railway. Fresh squeezed lemonade, tasty fudge and a gift shop are inside the station at the top. Once you are finished shopping, you're ready to visit a number of Lookout Mountain attractions including Rock City, Ruby Falls or Point Park.
During the United States Civil War, the Confederate armies of Chattanooga used the East Brow of Lookout Mountain as their lookout point. The panoramic view of the valley gave the Confederates an advantage over any approaching Union Army. However, during the bloody battle for Chattanooga, the northern troops waited for the clouds to fall upon the point and advanced under the cloud cover. Before the Southern troops knew what was happening, their fate was sealed. This park and museum commemorates this struggle for visual superiority. The Confederates were defeated and the post captured, but it was a valiant battle now known as the Battle Above the Clouds.
Just south of Chattanooga is the site of the area's longest and bloodiest battle of the United States Civil War. The U.S. War Department (now the Department of the Interior) declared this battlefield a National Military Park. It has attracted millions of visitors over the years. A visitor's center provides detailed information about the history of the battlefield and the battles fought here. The self-guided tour takes you through a number of battle sites, Wilder Tower lookout and a common area for picnics and recreation.
The Cravens House is a historic building located on the Lookout Mountain Battlefield in the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. The house was the home of prominent Chattanoogan Robert Cravens. The large, opulent house was the location of the Civil War's "Battle Above the Clouds", and served as a base for both Confederate and Union armies at different points during the war. Today, there are many popular hiking trails located in the area of the house.