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Architecture-lovers can thank Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, wife of Elector Ferdinand Maria, for the construction of Theatinerkirche Sankt Kajetan church, which she was promised in return for the birth of a male successor. Construction of the church was supervised by architect Zucalli and Spinelli, who devised the magnificent baroque dome. The building is dominated by conical towers with bulging spiral roofs. In 1768, the facade was remodeled in the Rococo style by François Cuvilliés the Elder. Faisenberg's carved wooden pulpit is the most striking feature in the pale stone interior.
A beautiful symbol of perseverance, this quiet Baroque church which was built by the Cosmas brothers in the 18th Century has an entrance that is framed by raw rock. Once you enter you may be surprised, for the interior is exquisite. The walls are red stucco and marble which is one reason that this church is regarded as a pioneering example of German late-Baroque architecture. The fresco "Life of Saint Nepomuk" is believed to be one of Cosmas Damian Asam's masterpieces. Unlike other churches, Asam church's altar is in the west. The choir was damaged in 1944 and has since been restored.
One of the oldest English-style landscape gardens and one of the largest municipal parks in Europe, the Englischer Garten is Munich's most fascinating park. Sprawling across an area of 3.7 square kilometers (1.4 square miles), the park is one of the largest public parks in the world. The park features some of the best architecturally diverse landmarks along its vast verdant expanse and rolling lawns. From a Chinese pagoda with adjoining beer garden, the Monopteros Greek temple to a Japanese Tea House, the park is full of intriguing monuments and landmarks. Artificial streams gush through the park and several surfers can be seen gliding effortlessly through its foamy waters. Housing an artificial lake and an open-air theater, the urban park is one of the best socio-cultural hubs of Munich.
Marking the beginning of a dark chapter in world history, the Dachau Concentration Camp is a poignant reminder of the Second World War. Built shortly after Hitler seized power, it was opened in the year 1933 with an intent to incarcerate political prisoners. The camp was one of the earliest concentration camps of Germany and served as an antecedent to numerous others through the course of the war. The complex has been well preserved and is a historical monument today. Old military barracks have been transformed into a somber memorial for prisoners who faced the ravages of ill-treatment and punishment from authorities. The camp served as a temporary home for refugees and those who were displaced in the dire conditions of wartime. While today the sun shines brightly over the gloomy past of the site, the crematorium of Dachau's victims is a stirring reminder of an unforgettable history.