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Best History Museums in Barcelona

By: Cityseeker
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Museu d'Història de Barcelona

This museum's permanent collection describes the city's history from Roman times to the present day. It's located in a beautiful 16th-century mansion with an attractive central courtyard, the casa Clariana-Padellás. The fascinating underground tour takes you along paved Roman roads through the remains of Roman houses, bathrooms, and sewers, then up to the old city walls. You can also see historical documents from several centuries that illustrate the evolution of the town, including plans, sketches, models, and drawings. Also worth visiting is the nearby Capella de Santa Àgata on the other side of the Plaça del Rei. The view of the old town's labyrinthine streets from the top of the Torre del Rey Martí is unbeatable.

Barcelona, Spain
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Robert Palace

The Palau Robert Catalan Information Centre provides a wealth of information for travelers visiting Catalonia. The museum, completed in 1903, was first a private residence for the Marquis Robert, who commissioned the French architect Henri Grandpierre to design it. The exhibitions feature photographs of the surrounding landscape, with a special showcase for photographer Anna Boyé. The museum also carries brilliant exhibits on science and other temporary exhibitions.

Barcelona, Spain
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Catalonia History Museum

Housed in a 19th-century warehouse on the Barcelona port, this museum was created to preserve, exhibit, and disseminate Catalonian history. It is a dynamic and contemporary cultural center where the past is brought to life through artifacts, documents, historical re-creations, mixed media presentations, and interactive displays. Beyond regular exhibitions, there are also learning opportunities in the form of historical archives and libraries, as well as a dedicated educational department. Move from prehistoric times to the modern era, explore with a topographic model of Catalonia under your feet, wind down on the rooftop terrace with hot coffee and exquisite vistas, then swing by the souvenir shop on your way out.

Barcelona, Spain
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Refugio 307

Refugio 307 is a historic air raid shelter that was built during the Spanish Civil War. Tucked away in the Poble Sec neighborhood, the shelter is part of the Museum of History of Barcelona (MUHBA). Made up of 200 meters (656 feet) of tunnels, the shelter was dug and built by older men, women and children since most of the abled-bodied men were off fighting on the front lines. Holding up to 2,000 people, the shelter was made of clay to help absorb the shocks from possible gunfire, and a lime coating on the interior to prevent humidity. Visitors can take a tour of this historic Spanish landmark on Sundays with group tours offered throughout the week.

Barcelona, Spain
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Archaeology Museum of Catalonia

The permanent exhibition at the Archaeology Museum of Catalonia traces the settlement of Catalunya and the Balearic Islands from prehistoric times to the Middle Ages. The most outstanding artifacts found here include remains from Iberian, Greek, and Roman sites, including the Greek statue of Asclepius, which was discovered among ruins in the 3rd century BCE. There are also brilliant models and illustrations showing how cavemen lived in this region in the distant past. Everyone is invited to visit the museum, which offers special facilities for the visually impaired, as well as a restoration laboratory and educational department. Come check out the Archaeology Museum of Catalonia!

Barcelona, Spain
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