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The house where Goethe was born on August 28, 1749, is a fine example of how the affluent lived in the late Baroque era. In 1733, Goethe's family acquired two neighboring half-timbered houses in Großen Hirschgraben. The family sold the property in 1795, by which time Goethe himself had already moved to Weimar. It is also worth taking a trip to the adjoining Goethe Museum, which was renovated and contains both a library and a bookshop. The house itself is a reconstruction of the original which was destroyed during World War II.
Since its founding in 1878, the Historical Museum (Historisches Museum) has focused on cultural objects and works of art which are of particular significance to the city of Frankfurt. The museum has a particular emphasis on industrial and technological history, and the development of the modern city. In the foyer, visitors are greeted by a model of how the old city looked before being destroyed in the Second World War. The permanent exhibition includes paintings, photographs, graphics and posters and provides a unique insight into the history of Frankfurt from the early settlement to the present day.
This permanent exhibition documents the importance of the Katholisches Dompfarramt St. Bartholomäus as the city's first parish church and as a place where German kings and emperors were crowned and elected. The intention is for visitors to gain an understanding of the cathedral's background and history. Dom-Museum opened in 1987 and the main attraction is without doubt the collection of priceless religious treasures and other gold artifacts, although much of the collection has gone missing over the centuries. Also on show are valuable discoveries from a grave dating back to the late Merovingian period and mass robes from the 14-20th Century. Visitors can also find information on the history of the construction of the cathedral during the Middle Ages and its changing fate in the 19th Century.
The archeological remains unearthed during the excavation of 1977 are preserved at the Museum Judengasse. Judengasse is one of the earliest and largest known Jewish ghettos in Germany that flourished between the 15th and 18th Century. Annihilated during World War II, now all that remains of this historical ghetto can be found at the Museum Judenghasse which includes walls of five houses, two ritual baths, two wells and a canal. Apart from the permanent exhibition, Börnegalerie hosts small temporary exhibitions.
Before 1933, Frankfurt boasted of the second largest Jewish community in Germany after Berlin. The Jewish Museum in the Rothschildpalais provides visitors with an overview of Jewish culture and an insight into the development of the Jewish community from the 12th Century onwards. A replica of Frankfurt's Judengasse (Jewish Alley) in the Middle Ages gives visitors an idea of what life in the Jewish ghetto used to be like. The exhibition also explores recent history with a wall containing the names of the Jews who were deported and murdered during the 1930s and 1940s.
Frankfurter Feldbahn-Museum is a delightful museum that opened in 1987 to tell the story of the history of transport and its effects on industrialization. The vivid display of various locomotives, numerous wagons, myriad accessories and tools along with historical documents and photos provides much insight into the evolution of transport. Kids can also embark on joyrides aboard one of the locomotives.
Located in a former tram depot in the district of Schwanheim, the Verkehrsmuseum: Museum of Transport is entirely devoted to the 130-year-old history of public transport in Frankfurt. The exhibition includes around 30 vehicles such as the first horse-drawn carriage used by the Frankfurt Tram Company in 1872, as well as vintage buses, trams, and more modern means of transport. Historical underground maps, signal boxes, signs, pictures, uniforms and a collection of tickets complete the collection. Check website for exact timings.