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16 Beautiful Castles in Germany

por: Cityseeker
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Germany is known for the grand architectural splendor of its many castles and palaces. Here are an assortment of gorgeous historical structures you shouldn't miss on your visit to Germany.

Hohenschwangau Castle

Standing out amid the dense verdure of Bavaria, the imposing facade of the Hohenschwangau Castle looks nothing short of a castle from a fairytale. Dating back to the 19th Century and credited to Maximilian II of Bavaria, the castle was home to King Ludwig II when he was a child. The architecture and interiors of the castle are simply spectacular. The castle is open to public visitation throughout the year and also offers guided tours in several languages. The castle is one of the prime tourist attractions in the city. The Schloss Hohenschwangau is also one of the few castles in the country that remained unscathed during both World War I and World War II.

Alpseestraße 30, Schwangau, Alemania, 87645
Würzburg Residence

Completed in 1744, the Würzburg Residence is a stunning palace in Baroque style. The grand staircase, chapel and salon are particularly impressive. There are also beautiful frescoes, painted by the Venetian artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Even Napoleon Bonaparte was struck with the palace's beauty, staying there three different times between 1806 and 1813. The Würzburg Residence was severely damaged by an airstrike during World War II. However, it has been diligently restored, and now enjoys a spot on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Residenzplatz 2, Würzburg, Alemania, 97070
Castillo de Neuschwanstein

El Castillo de Neuschwanstein es el más famoso de toda Alemania y es famoso por haber sido el modelo que utilizó Walt Disney para el castillo de la Bella Durmiente. Iniciado por el rey Ludwig en 1869, les llevó a los más de cientos de artesanos de todo el mundo más de 16 años, y solo se pudo construir un tercio del total. Neuschwanstein se alza sobre el valle de Hohenschwangau. Desde afuera se ve una fabulosa obra de arquitectura medieval, una verdadera pieza de los cuentos de fantasía; pero el interior es una mezcla de estilos bizantino, romano y gótico, que se deja entrever en los espectaculares tallados y murales. Recorran el castillo y luego contémplenlo del Puente de María para observar todo su esplendor.

Neuschwansteinstraße 20, Schwangau, Alemania, 87645
Palacio de Nymphenburg

Más ancho que el palacio de Versalles, el Schloss Nymphenburg, o "Palacio de las Ninfas" en español, fue la impresionante residencia de verano de la familia Wittelsbach. Una de las atracciones de interés turístico más visitadas de Múnich, el palacio y sus jardines albergan varios pabellones de distintos estilos. Diseñado por el arquitecto italiano barroco Agostino Barelli, el palacio aún conserva sus habitaciones de estilo barroco y rococó. La Sala de Piedra, muy ornamentada y hecha de mármol pulido, es absolutamente imponente, y la "Schönheitengalerie" ("galería de las bellezas" en español) con sus retratos de 36 mujeres de la zona es simplemente imperdible. En los jardines encontrarán varios palacios más pequeños: el Amalienburg, el Pagodenburg y el Badenburg. El Marstallmuseum propone una exposición bastante grande de carruajes, trineos y vajilla, mientras que la Meditationskapelle (Capilla de la meditación), es el sitio perfecto para descansar y relajarse.

Südliches Schloßrondell 1, Munich, Alemania, 80638
Linderhof Palace

The Linderhof Palace, nestled in the western corner of Ettal, is the smallest castle to have been constructed by King Ludwig II. The tour of the palace gives visitors a glimpse into the opulent life that King Ludwig II led. From various chambers, dining rooms, grottos, and the King's favorite Hall of Mirrors, the ornate castle and its breathtaking expanse gives an up and close peek into the royal life. In winter when the castle is covered in snow, it resembles a spectacular, magical snow globe. While the castle is the smallest in size among all three palaces commissioned by King Ludwig II, it is also one of the most beautiful and exquisite royal complexes.

Linderhof 12, Ettal, Alemania, 82488
Castillo Hohenzollern

Si tienen ganas de vivir nuevas aventuras y descubrir, aunque sea en parte, qué es ser parte de la realeza, entonces visiten el Castillo Hohenzollern. Este castillo histórico, que en el pasado fue el hogar de la familia real prusiana, los Hohenzollerns, se encuentra en la cima de una montaña y ofrece una vista imponente que se les grabará en la retina para siempre. Se ofrecen recorridos guiados, aunque pueden visitar las capillas y las bodegas por su cuenta. Formen parte de la historia mientras recorren las distintas zonas del castillo y enamórense de su grandeza. También podrán visitar las habitaciones reales, aunque solo les será posible hacerlo los días de Visita al Castillo Real. Ciertamente vale la pena visitar el Castillo Hohenzollern.

Burg Hohenzollern, Bisingen, Alemania, 72379
Lichtenstein Castle (Württemberg)

When you first look at the Lichtenstein Castle from a distance, it is reminiscent of a castle out of Disney movies. Sitting atop a cliff, this castle exudes charm and elegance. It is believed that the castle has been around since the 12th Century but sustained damages during periods of turbulence and was rebuilt time and again. The Neo-Gothic style of the castle gives it a wonderful vintage charm which is extended to its interiors. The castle houses arms and ammunition from centuries past; these are still conserved in impeccable conditions and are a treat to observe.

Schloß Lichtenstein 1, Lichtenstein, Alemania, 72805
Wartburg Castle

Wartburg Castle dates back to the Middle Ages and has witnessed many historical events. It was at this very place where Martin Luther is said to have translated the Bible for the layman and where St. Elisabeth of Hungary stayed for a long time. A designated UNESCO World Heritage Site, this castle's architecture mainly reflects Romanesque designs, and its premises also feature a museum. Castle timings and admission fees may vary. Check the website for more details.

Auf der Wartburg 1, Eisenach, Alemania, 99817
Eltz Castle

Construction on the impressive Eltz Castle began some time in the 9th-Century. Continued up through the 11th-Century, when the main portion of the castle was built; this structure can still be seen today. Eltz Castle was the home of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in the 12th Century. Following a family feud in the 13th Century, the castle came to be known as 'Ganerbenburg' for housing several lineages in its many rooms, and not just the royal family alone. Encompassed by the Elzbach River, it is characterized by its eight towers. A tour of the Eltz Castle gives visitors a glimpse of the courtyard, treasury, armor room, kitchen and the picturesque grounds. The castle was featured on the 500 Deutsche Mark note of Germany.

Burg-Eltz-Strasse 1, Wierschem, Alemania, 56294

Housed in the region above the Braubach town within the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany is the fortress of Marksburg, an iconic castle and a famous sight. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the fortress dates back to the 12th Century. However, it was reconstructed and remodeled many times throughout the course of its existence. Guided tours are available and lend valuable insight into the history and culture of the castles' inhabitants as well as the surrounding regions.

Off Schlossstraße, Braubach, Alemania, 56338
Reichsburg Cochem

Rising 100 meters (330 foot) above the scenic Moselle River, Reichsburg Cochem is a towering medieval period castle perched atop a hill. Originally, its purpose was to collect a toll from each passing shop, now it's serves as a popular tourist destination in the area. Its unique combination of neo-gothic architecture with remnants of Romanesque design stands testament to the many hands it changed over the centuries. Reichsburg Cochem also provides interesting tours for the whole family. Check out the tour timings on the website.

Schlossstraße 36, Cochem, Alemania, 56812
Heidelberg Castle

No trip to Heidelberg would be complete without a visit to the castle. Dominating the city from the brow of the hill, the castle offers breathtaking views over the old town and the River Rhine. The castle is host to the Schlossfestspiele castle pageant and also the fantastic firework displays that illuminate the castle several times a year. Built over a period spanning three centuries, the castle developed from being a simple medieval fortress into a splendid Renaissance palace. A royal structure nestled amid bucolic settings, the castle is one of the most spectacular sights to see in Heidelberg.

Schlosshof 1, Heidelberg, Alemania, 69117
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