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Best Religious Sites in Frankfurt am Main

Par: Cityseeker
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Église Saint-Paul

La spectaculaire façade en grès de l’église Saint-Paul est à la fois un monument et une anomalie unique à Francfort. Paulskirche est devenue célèbre non pas en tant qu’église, mais en tant que lieu de rencontre. Bâtie pour remplacer l’ancienne Barfüßerkirche, elle ouvrit ses portes en 1833. C’est là que siégea le premier parlement allemand élu librement en 1848, organisant 99 réunions et adoptant 59 articles qui font encore partie de la constitution allemande à ce jour. Détruite lors d’une attaque aérienne en 1944, l’église fut reconstruite immédiatement après la Seconde guerre mondiale en tant que mémorial de l’après-guerre. Malgré sa simplicité, elle accueille désormais des événements importants comme la cérémonie annuelle de remise des Prix pour la paix allemands ainsi que les Prix Goethe de la ville de Francfort.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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Old St Nicholas Church

The Alte Nikolaikirche (Old Nikolai Church) can be found in the southern section of Frankfurt's Römerberg for centuries. Initially designed as a chapel for the neighboring Stauferpfalz Palace, the church was later used for mass and prayer by the town council. In the 15th Century, the building underwent changes and the watchtower was made higher to enable watchmen to signal to ships on the river from the top of the tower. Members of the council could also watch the festivities on the Römerberg from the extended rooftop. A hundred years later, this place of worship was turned into a warehouse and silo. Today, the facade of the late Gothic, doubled-naved church is painted in its original colors of white and red.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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Liebfrauenkirche

In the 14th Century, a rich Frankfurt patrician erected a chapel next to the city walls. The chapel was later extended into a Gothic hall with a bell tower called Liebfrauenkirche. During the 18th Century, the inside of the church received ornate rococo fittings, and during the 19th Century, the Three Kings portal was given a vestibule. After severe damage in the War, the whole place was rebuilt in 1954. A wooden roof has now replaced the Gothic original, and from the original interior, only the figures on the altar remain.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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St. Catherine's Church

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was baptized at this simple church in downtown Frankfurt. The baroque church was constructed in 1678-1681 on the remains of what used to be a monastery. It was completely destroyed and rebuilt shortly after World War II, although the splendid interior decor could not be restored. The outside of the building is now all that is left of this great church. Today, the church works to support the homeless, who come here for shelter and a warm meal.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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Karmeliterkloster

Built between 1460 and 1520, this historic monastery is worth a visit for its architecture alone. Yet there is much more to see than just thick brick walls. The refectory is considered to be one of the most beautiful Renaissance-period buildings in the city, and Joerg Ratgeb's frescos in the hallway rank among the most important wall-paintings in the whole of Europe. After the last monks (of the Karmeliter Order) left the monastery in 1803, it was turned into a military barracks. Nowadays, Karmeliterkloster is home to the Museum of Early History, the Institute of Urban History and a public art gallery.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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Cathédrale Saint-Barthélemy de Francfort

S’élevant majestueusement près du Main, la cathédrale impériale Saint-Barthélemy est l’un des monuments les plus riches en histoires de la ville. Sa façade rousse de style gothique est devenue une partie intégrante du spectaculaire horizon de Francfort. Remontant au VIIe siècle av. J.-C, cette église est empreinte de chapitres royaux d’histoire romaine. Lieu de couronnement des empereurs romains de 1562 à 1792, elle a été reconstruite dans les années 1970 après avoir subi les ravages de la Seconde guerre mondiale. Abritant plusieurs reliques et possessions prisées, la sculpture de Hans Backoffen représentant la crucifixion du Christ est un chef-d’œuvre appartenant au début de la Renaissance. Tandis que son statut d’église royale déclina après la chute de l’empire romain, elle est devenue un symbole d’intégrité nationale après le XIXe siècle.

Francfort-sur-le-Main, Allemagne
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Mainz Cathedral

The Mainz Cathedral is an architectural and historical marvel that is a must-visit while in the city. Known by different names like Martinsdom and more popularly St. Martin's Cathedral, it is situated close to the old town and serves as one of the major landmarks of Mainz. With a history going back to over a thousand years, this Roman Catholic monument exhibits an array of architectural styles. However, it remains a fine example of Romanesque architecture, even though it received several designs and structural alterations over the centuries. The cathedral interiors are home to ornate plaques and tombs of erstwhile reigning Electoral-prince-archbishops. Several arresting turn-of-the-century religious artworks adorn its high walls. The statues of The Madonna and Saint Boniface are focal points of its sprawling grounds.

Mayence, Allemagne
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