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This city was originally an Italic and Lombard settlement. The nearby monastery of S. Clemente wanted to defend the territory by building walls around the populated area hence transforming the city. You can still see the old houses built into the walls in the historical center around the Palazzo baron ale, from the 16th century, and the Church of Santa Maria Entro Terra. The populated area is on the top of the hill and has a beautiful view of greenery and rocks with waterfalls and rapids which are part of the Valle dell'Orta. The Grotta dei Piccioni is also in this area. It is an extraordinary archaeological site incorporating the remains of a worship area. You can get to Bolognano from Pescara by taking the S.N.. 5.
This was discovered by excavators examining a succession of strata at Roman, sub-Appennine and Neolithic levels. The value of this discovery is not only related to the fact that it is over 6500 years old. It is also that the cave was not a hunting shelter like so many other archaeological finds from the same period. This cave was a sanctuary. Studies have found remains of a child sacrificed in some rite, that was probably linked to the fertility of the land. It is near Bolognano, in a rocky landscape with waterfalls and green water from the Valley of Orta.
The river running through this town, the Tirino, is the cleanest river in Italy. It is alive with shrimp and trout and the countryside around it is as green as any park. This water is what the town was built around. In the Middle Ages it attracted a Benedictine settlement which built the Church of Santa Maria di Cartignano in 1020. The church is now almost reduced to rubble but you can still see the main doorway, the rose window and the bell tower with webbed arches as well as a few sculptures inside. The frescos that covered the whole apse are now housed in the Museo Nazionale Abruzzes in Aquila. As well as the church you can still see the castle which was built around 1000 and is well preserved since it is a private residence. The river was also a determining factor of the industry that developed in the town. In 1902 when they began to pipe water out, the first chlorinating facilities were started here. The old buildings of the company that later became the Società Italiana di Elettrochimica and the living areas for the workers built in 1906 are now part of industrial archaeology. From Pescara take the A25, Bussi exit.