Germany's most recognizable symbol is not as large as many visitors expect, yet its history is rich and fascinating. Built in 1791, the Brandenburg Gate was modeled on the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The Quadriga statue on top of the Gate, designed by sculptor Gottfried Schadow, represents Victoria, the Goddess of Peace, riding a four-horse chariot. This was one of Berlin's original 14 city gates, yet the only remaining evidence of the other gates are the names of underground stations such as Kottbusser Tor and Schlesisches Tor. The Brandenburg Gate and Pariser Platz have played center stage to numerous turbulent historical events. The south wing houses a tourist information office.
Throughout the centuries, many churches have stood on the location of the current Berliner Dom. The first one was erected in 1465 for the reigning royal family, the Hohenzollern, and was little more than a chapel at that time. In 1747, it was replaced by a Baroque cathedral designed by Johann Boumann, before being transformed once again in 1822 by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Today's Dom was built between 1894 and 1905 during King Wilhelm II's reign. Almost completely destroyed in World War II, the Berliner Dom remained a ruin until restoration work finally began in 1973. Some of the cathedral's highlights include the mosaics covering the cupola, the crypt, the altar and the altar windows. The Dom also enshrines over 80 members of the Hohenzollern family. Those visiting must take a look at the Sauer organ within the cathedral, one of the largest in Germany, and take in the views from the roof promenade.
C/O Berlin calls itself an "International Forum for Visual Dialogues," and while this may be apt, it doesn't actually describe what C/O is. It is simply an excellent gallery that houses temporary exhibitions of photographs and photographic installations by the world's leading documentary photographers, from Henri Cartier-Bresson to Trent Park. It is not particularly well known, but for photographers, lovers of photography, or even just people who are interested in the world, it is one of the must-see museums in Berlin. Its exhibitions, usually by multiple photographers, never leave the viewer untouched.
Non c'è un altro edificio che incarni allo stesso modo il passato, il presente e il futuro della Germania come il Reichstag. Costruito tra il 1884 e il 1894 fu sede del parlamento durante l'Impero di Bismarck ed è stato testimone di un secolo di storia tedesca. Dopo la caduta del muro di Berlino nel 1989 l'edificio è tornato alla sua funzione originaria con una cupola di vetro disegnata dall'architetto britannico Sir Norman Foster. I visitatori oggi possono salire alla cupola che conta con una terrazza panoramica, una mostra fotografica che ripercorre la storia turbolenta del Reichstag e un ristorante sul tetto.
Sixty years after World War II, Berlin unveiled the Holocaust Memorial, known officially as the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, in memory of victims of those who lost their lives during Holocaust. An international symbol of a somber chapter in World history, this memorial, located next to the Brandenburg Gate and near the buried remains of Adolf Hitler's underground bunker, was designed by U.S. architect Peter Eisenman. The memorial's grid of 2711 gray concrete slabs covers a vast area in the heart of the city. The slabs, or stelae, stand at varied heights of up to 4.5 meters (15 feet), creating the sense of a stark concrete forest, through which visitors can wander on uneven cobblestone pathways. The design of the memorial is relatively abstract and has been interpreted in several ways. A poignant reminder of German history's dark chapter, the memorial's information center offers detailed archives and stories of the victims.
Questo museo ospita una vasta collezione di oggetti antichi, tra cui la gemma è costituita dall'altare del Tempio di Zeus di Pergamo (180-160 p.e.v.) uno dei reperti archeologici più importanti al mondo. Nel museo inoltre è possibile visitare parte della magnifica Collezione Antica, la Collezione dell'Asia Orientale, il Museo del Vicino Oriente, e il Museo Islamico. Le guide elettroniche per i visitatori sono molto esaustive e sono disponibili a un prezzo simbolico in diverse lingue.
The original Alexanderplatz, locally called 'Alex' by Berliners, was completely flattened during World War II. Its present day appearance is a prime example of East German town planning: a huge, windswept pedestrian area surrounded by 1960s high-rises. But those who are familiar with Alexanderplatz from Alfred Döblin's novel of the same name will find that none of the hustle and bustle of the square has disappeared. Alexanderplatz is still very much a commuters' thoroughfare and is regarded by locals as the true center of Berlin. Named after Russian Czar Alexander I who visited the Prussian capital in 1805, Alexanderplatz was at the center of the mass-demonstrations which brought the Berlin Wall tumbling down in November 1989.
Opened in 1929, just three years before Hitler seized power, this art house film theater soon became a place of refuge for anti-Nazi resistance fighters during the Third Reich. A commemorative plaque in the foyer reminds visitors of those dark days. After the War, the Babylon became socialist East Germany's only art house cinema. Even after the fall of the Wall, the cinema has remained true to its tradition and continues to show old silent movies, East German classics and other controversial or arty films, all of which should make any film lover's heart beat a little faster. Besides these, it also hosts concerts, theater, readings, festivals and workshops.
Situato in Alexanderplatz, nel cuore della Berlino orientale, questo edificio degli anni Sessanta svetta sull'intera città. Costruito dalle autorità comuniste nel pieno della guerra fredda, i berlinesi dell'ovest sfacciatamente battezzarono la torre della televisione come la "vendetta del Papa" a causa della croce scintillante che appare sul pinnacolo della torre quando è illuminata dal sole. Sebbene sia considerata da molti un pugno in un occhio, i panorami dall'alto sono difficili da battere. Il Telecaffè girevole a 207 metri di altezza è una piacevole opzione per prendere un caffè e posare uno sguardo sulla città.
Comedy Club Kookaburra is the perfect place in the city to enjoy stand-up comedians and cabaret shows. The club hosts new shows each night, featuring respected comedians in Berlin and their famous acts. If you are an English speaker, make sure you come on the first Tuesday of every month for English Comedy Night where all of the jokes are recited in English. After a performance, one can head to their on-site restaurant to grab quick snacks, tapas platters and the choice of spirits. This venue can also be hired for private parties and functions.
Built on the site of Berlin's oldest church, the Nikolaikirche today is still the site of regular services, but also houses a museum highlighting its rich history, a tower which boasts some spectacular views, and fantastic acoustics, which are a boon when it hosts musical acts. This attraction is also worth a visit for its Medieval architecture and twin green spires.