A popular tourist attraction, the Belogradchik Fortress of northwestern Bulgaria attarcts thousands of visitors every year with its remarkably well-preserved architecture and rich history. Considered to be a national cultural monument, this ancient Roman settlement comprised of thick fortified walls and served as an important defense stronghold until it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1396. Perched on top of a hill, it is accessible via a short and provides stunning views of the surrounding countryside and the neighboring town of Belogradchik. A must visit while touring the region!
Baba Vida is one of the oldest fortresses located in Vidin, Bulgaria. The only medieval castle which is totally preserved and in a perfect state, this building is a major landmark in the town and is a historical monument of the country. Drenched in local legends of the Queen named Vida who established the castle for herself, the structure is Gothic in styling and has elements of renaissance revival. It is a popular tourist attraction in the city and also houses a small museum in its premise.
The erstwhile military center of Krastata Kazarma is located in the Vidin region of Bulgaria. Known for the cross-shaped style of architecture, the site dates back to the Ottoman Empire. Popularly known as one of the most important cultural memorials of Bulgaria, the site is a famous tourist spot. At present, the barracks are home to the ethnographical exhibits of Konaka Museum.
The remains of the 3-century imperial palace, Felix Romuliana, are now found in the archaeological site just about 12.87 kilometers (8 miles) from Zaječar. Built by Galerius Maximianus, the Roman Emperor, in the hisotruc city of Gamzigrad, the place was built in memory of Empress Romula, his mother. The architecture of the palace and surrounding areas is quite matured and distinct, it could very well be the last remaining of its kind in the world. The site comprises of the Gamzigrad spa, fortifications, temples, public places and other structures that are highly decorative, covered with artwork. Inscribed as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site, Gamzigrad makes for an insightful visit.
Timacum Minus is an old military for and excavated archaeological site located in the village of Ravna on the left bank of the White Timok river. It consists of parts of once high ramparts, thermal baths and triangular or pentagon-shaped towers with pointed edges. Two Roman necropolis and several treasures such as marble statues and reliefs, altars, bronze and glass ceramics, jewelry, money etc. were found in the excavations. Part of these are displayed in museums in Belgrade, Zajecar, Nis and Knjazevac and part of them are still present on-site.
Casta Martis or Kasta Martis is a Roman fortress located in northwest Bulgaria about 35 kilometers (21.748 miles) southwest of Vidin, in the center of Kula. It is declared as an architectural and constructional monument. A museum is situated close to the fortress which displays all its findings such agricultural, stone-processing and building tools, bronze fibulas and coins and clay lamps and vessels. There is a panoramic platform from where visitors can take a full view of the castle. It is open at all times and night lighting is also available. Guided tours to the castle are also provided in the local language.