The city of Mainz is situated on the site of the ancient Roman Mogontiacum. In 1999, while digging the ground for the construction of the Römerpassage shopping mall, ancient Roman temple ruins were discovered. “Magna Mater” is a titular phrase to refer to Roman goddesses while Isis Panthea is an Egyptian goddess. This sanctuary now houses a museum that can be accessed through the Römerpassage shopping mall and has free entry. Here, you can view curse tablets, bronze statues and inscription plates among other important archaeological discoveries. The museum also presents multimedia shows for educating the public.
St. Stephan, Mainz, known locally as St. Stephan zu Mainz is a collegiate church and has the oldest Gothic hall in the district of Upper Rhine. The church's history dates back to 990 CE when it was originally built. Over the centuries, the church has seen a lot of changes and rebuilding. It is famed for its unique blue Chagall choir windows created by renowned Russian Jewish artist Marc Chagall between 1978 - 1985. The nine stained glasses depict scenes from the Old Testament highlighting the common Christian and Jewish traditions and are done in luminescent blue. The church is also one of Mainz's important churches.
Having survived the Second World War, the Augustinerkirche has retained its splendor. Used as a monastery by the monks of the Augustinian order from 1260-1803, the main building stems from 1768 and is now the seminary for the diocese. Painter Johann Baptist Enderle has paid tribute to the life of St. Augustine with some fantastic frescoes on the ceiling, and one of the few surviving organs built by master craftsman Johann Heinrich Stumm stands under the main window. The church organizes special programs on weekends.
The Mainz Cathedral is an architectural and historical marvel that is a must-visit while in the city. Known by different names like Martinsdom and more popularly St. Martin's Cathedral, it is situated close to the old town and serves as one of the major landmarks of Mainz. With a history going back to over a thousand years, this Roman Catholic monument exhibits an array of architectural styles. However, it remains a fine example of Romanesque architecture, even though it received several designs and structural alterations over the centuries. The cathedral interiors are home to ornate plaques and tombs of erstwhile reigning Electoral-prince-archbishops. Several arresting turn-of-the-century religious artworks adorn its high walls. The statues of The Madonna and Saint Boniface are focal points of its sprawling grounds.
The beautiful Landesmuseum Mainz attracts a number of visitors each year with its unique collection of art and craft. Exhibits include paintings and sculpture through the centuries that throw light on the history and culture of Mainz. Also known as the Mainz State Museum, a visit to this popular attractions will help your learn about the culture and history of Mainz.
Not only an impressive building but also a palace and an old chapel, Electoral Palace is hard to miss when in Mainz. Built in the Renaissance period, this structure is the last one from that glorious era. The wonderful architecture invites you to explore and admire. After many restoration activities, Electroral Palace is back to its former glory and is an absolute delight to look at. The many halls of the palace are now available for celebratory and other major events.
The Dom- und Diözesanmuseum boasts a selection of beautiful Christian artifacts. The building itself is a Gothic cloister and exhibits include liturgical ornaments, paintings and the like. The admission rates vary according to the kind of entrance package chosen. For information on this and other details, do see the website.
The Gutenberg Museum in Mainz marks the birth of printing as it is known today. Exhibits of the museum include several artifacts and exhibits that have been relevant to the printing industry. Of its most noted exhibits is the second Gutenberg bible. Apart from that, the museum's acquisition also includes two block books that were printed using wooden formes, something which is rare today. Moreover, some of the Gutenberg Museum's exhibitions are Printed Graphics, Small Presses and The Bookplate Collection.
Domplatz Markt is the church square in Mainz is a regular host to a number of concerts, musicals and other local celebrations, and it also a sprawling market thrice a week. One can expect everything from fresh produce to delicious local delights here. Surrounded by historic buildings on all sides, the Markt is considered the largest of all in the city.