Pavel Tretiakov, collector of some the best work of contemporary artists in Moscow and St. Petersburg, founded this gallery in 1856. His brother Sergei collected French and Dutch masters, and in 1872 they combined their collections and opened this extremely popular museum named as The State Tretyakov Gallery (Tret'iakovskaia Galereia). In 1892 it was donated to the city of Moscow, and lives on with works by famous Russian painters such as Vasilii Perov, Ivan Kramskoi and Ilia Repin.
Moscow Free Tours is a Moscow-based tour guide company which offers daily free walking tours of Moscow's main attractions, led by their friendly and knowledgeable guides. This is one of the very few tour guide companies in Moscow which provides 5 tours at 4 different time slots (10:45a, 2p, 4p, 6:30p) in a day regardless of group size and weather conditions. If none of the free tour timings fit into your schedule, you can always book a paid private tour.
A theatre located very near the heart of the city in one of the most beautiful and oldest buildings in Moscow. At the beginning of the 20th century, the building was occupied by noble families, before later becoming a cinema and somewhat later a theatre. Here the great practitioner of theatrical art, Konstantin Stanislavskii, taught young actors. In 1998 the theatre celebrated its 50th anniversary, and continues to maintain Stanislavskii's exacting theatrical standards. The repertoire includes not only classical Russian plays, but also a selection of Western classics, some experimental efforts and a few plays for children.
Synonymous with Moscow, the Red Square evokes a sense of a bygone era. Here, the past mingles with the present under the shadow of some of the city's most famous landmarks like the Kremlin and the brightly colored, onion-domed Saint Basil's Cathedral. Awash in history, the Red Square wasn't always as architecturally impressive as it is now, starting out as a humble market square. Over the centuries, the square evolved with new additions being added at various intervals. During the Soviet Era, the square was the site of numerous military parades during World War and the Cold War. Bustling with activity through the day, the square is at its visual best once the sun sets and the beautiful buildings are lit with color.
Billed to be one of the highest points of the city, the soaring Sparrow Hills lies delicately nestled along the banks of the Moskva River. Towering 220 meters (720 feet) above river level, the hill proudly watches over the dynamic, ever-evolving landscape of Moscow, including many of its landmarks like the Luzhniki Stadium, Christ the Savior Cathedral, the gleaming domes of Novodevichy Convent and the imposing Seven Sisters. Having been a muse to many Russians poets and writers in the past, the hill is crowned by an observation tower which overlooks the beautiful bend of the river shrouded by swathes of dense green scenery. Strewn across the lofty scope of the hills are buildings which are some of the most magnificent of their kind in the city, including the awe-inspiring Moscow State University complex and the picturesque Trinity Church.
The Alexander Gardens were developed between 1820 and 1823 and run along the west wall of the Kremlin. The gardens occupy an area of about 865 meters (2838 feet). In his attempt to make the gardens as distinctive as possible, Osip Bove combined an orderly plan with the free arrangement of trees plus elements of romantic-style gardens. The gardens are bordered by decorative iron railings. Locals and foreign tourists often come to the gardens to visit the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Being a popular public spot, the garden is open throughout the year.
You'd have to try hard to miss this museum, given that it sits right on Red Square. At the entrance there's always someone dressed as Ivan the Terrible or Lenin offering themselves for a photo with you. The museum was established in 1894, and was closed for ten years until the mid 1990s for extensive renovation. Inside, there are various exhibitions dedicated to the sweeping richness of Russian history, from mammoth tusks and bronze age relics to Soviet era posters. The museum is closed on the first Monday of every month.
Originally conceived as a generic road leading out of Moscow in medieval times, Tverskaya Street has since become a central artery of the city as well as a constant reminder of Russia's dynamic history. The avenue houses a variety of historically significant buildings including the National Hotel, the Yermolova Theatre, the State Duma, and a number of buildings used by Stalin and Lenin during their days in power. The streets modern appearance took shape in the 1930s after a significant number of buildings were demolished in order to straighten and widen its crooked original layout. Today it is a trendy shopping district, where tourists and locals can take in the herculean neoclassical buildings that line its sidewalks while spending some some hard-earned rubles.
Founded in 1755, this museum was one of the very first museums in Russia dedicated to geology. Over the years, the museum has become a scientific and educational centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Exhibitions illustrate the history of geological development and the evolution of the earth's biosphere. There is a fairly vast collection of rocks, stones and minerals gathered over 200 years by the likes of famous Russian scientific pioneers Lomonosov and Vernadskii himself.
One of the most integral markers of the iconic Red Square, Lenin’s Mausoleum eternally enshrines the remains of Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union. A work of distinctive architectural finesse by Aleksey Shchusev, the mausoleum is Modeled on the ziggurat terraced temples of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians. Bounded on both sides by the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, the mausoleum features a step pyramid (made with black labradorite and red granite) within which resides the well-preserved body of Lenin. Bearing a rather austere and solemn facade, the mausoleum has undergone numerous facelifts and structural transformations ever since the collapse of the Soviet regime. Outside, the main sanctum is patrolled by an arsenal of guards, while inside, visitors file around round the embalmed body of the man whose Communist legacy yet reverberates with the masses of not only Russia, but the entire world. One of Moscow's most revered historic landmarks, the mausoleum reserves a special place in the hearts of communists, Marxists and Leninists alike.