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From its distinctively shaped recess on the border between Ontario and New York, the Horseshoe Falls tumble down to meet the Niagara River with a fierce intensity. Together with the Bridal Veil Falls and the American Falls, the Horseshoe Falls form the collective attraction of Niagara Falls, set on the mighty river. Also known as the Canadian Falls, this colossal cascade began its descent 11 kilometers (6.83 miles) downstream from where it is today several millennia ago, arriving at its current spot as a result of rigorous erosion. Today, studies show that erosion has greatly reduced, and Horseshoe Falls are deemed to be one of the primary sources of hydraulic power in the region.
Built in the 1980s, Niagara River Recreation Trail is a walking trail which runs parallel to the Niagara Parkway. Not only is it a beautiful stretch of lush green countryside, but the entire trail also encompasses as many as 100 different monuments of historic significance. The trail can be divided into four parts, each as beautiful and filled with historic and natural wonders as the other. These are the Niagara on the Lake to Queenston stretch, the Queenston to the Whirlpool Aero Car trail, the Chippawa to Black Creek part, and the Black Creek to Fort Erie portion. Only cyclists and people on foot are allowed on this trail.
The thundering waters of Niagara Falls tumble and plummet from heights of up to 51 meters (167 feet) and an average collective width of approximately 1204 meters (3950 feet) on the United States and Canada Border. One of the largest in the world, the falls are comprised of The Horseshoe Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls, and the American Falls. Over 60,000 cubic meters (200,000 cubic feet) of water rush over the brink at an astonishing speed every minute. Each of the falls is unique and offer spectacular vistas of one of the world's most visited natural wonders. Come the winter holiday season, the falls are beguilingly decked out with a light show for the annual Winter Festival of Lights.
Towering 236 meters (775 feet) above Niagara Falls, this landmark is so tall and close to the border, its construction team needed special permission from both Canadian and US authorities to build it. The tower has three glass-encased elevators that yield to a top-floor observation deck, two restaurants—the internationally famous Revolving Dining Room and the Summit Suite Dining Room—a shopping center, and a large amusement arcade. Since 1964, this impressive structure has delighted visitors to Ontario, so be sure to be one of them on your next tour of Niagara Falls.
The last remaining local example from the Golden Age of funiculars in the late 19th Century, this incline railway transports visitors from the Falls view area parking lot to the Table Rock observation plaza, a rise of 30 meters (100 feet). The railway carries close to three-quarter million passengers a year for a trip that takes under a minute. Owned and operated by the Niagara Parks Commission, the railway began operating in 1966 and has been ferrying 1600 passengers an hour ever since.
The Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Stations are hydroelectric generating stations that are used to navigate water from Niagara and Welland Rivers that is utilized to generate electricity. Awarded the status of a National Historic Site of Canada, visitors can avail the tours of this stations.
Administered and cared for by the Niagara Parks Commission, this clock presents an ever-changing display April to October and attracts visitors like bees to honey. Located close to the shores of the Niagara River and directly across from the city power reservoir about ten kilometers (six miles) north of the Falls, the clock was first set up by Ontario Hydro in 1950. More than 16,000 plants make up the display and there's a three-meter wide (ten-foot-wide) oval pool at its front. This is the perfect photo op for the family album. Check website for varying dates of operation.
The Tower Hotel, formerly known as the Minolta Tower, ranks as one of the oldest towers in town and has been offering visitors stunning views of the fabled falls since its opening in 1962. Rising more than 150 meters (500 feet) above the Niagara Gorge, the tower features a spectacular view of the surrounding countryside from its indoor and outdoor observation decks. On the 25th floor, the long glass windows that enclose the tower reflect a non-glare finish, so as to ensure flattering photographs of the neighboring landscape. While the tower is a popular spot to take in undisturbed views of the falls, it is also a wildly popular venue for weddings.