Set Current Location
From its distinctively shaped recess on the border between Ontario and New York, the Horseshoe Falls tumble down to meet the Niagara River with a fierce intensity. Together with the Bridal Veil Falls and the American Falls, the Horseshoe Falls form the collective attraction of Niagara Falls, set on the mighty river. Also known as the Canadian Falls, this colossal cascade began its descent 11 kilometers (6.83 miles) downstream from where it is today several millennia ago, arriving at its current spot as a result of rigorous erosion. Today, studies show that erosion has greatly reduced, and Horseshoe Falls are deemed to be one of the primary sources of hydraulic power in the region.
The smallest of the Great Lakes, Lake Ontario spans a massive area of 18,960 square kilometers (7,340 square miles) making this the world's 14th largest lake. At its deepest, the lake plunges to a depth of a staggering 244 meters (802 feet). It derives its name from the Iroquoian word for "lake of shining waters," the majestic Niagara Falls just one of the many attractions to its credit. The Iroquois and Huron First Nations thrived along its shores for thousands of years, long before the Europeans arrived, sustained by its teeming waters and bountiful surrounds. Lake Ontario now serves as a source of drinking water for over nine million people. The lake straddles the international border between Canada and the United States, fed by the waters of all the Great Lakes before it meets with the Atlantic Ocean via St. Lawrence River. Diverse ecosystems and rare habitats thrive along the shores of the expansive lake, where dunes and wetlands merge with forests and rocky cliffs, each supporting a distinct plethora of species. Some of the world's most spectacular beaches fringe the glistening waters of the lake, including the world's largest freshwater dune system at the Sandbanks Provincial Park. All this and more render Lake Ontario truly deserving of the title of "Great Lake".
The thundering waters of Niagara Falls tumble and plummet from heights of up to 51 meters (167 feet) and an average collective width of approximately 1204 meters (3950 feet) on the United States and Canada Border. One of the largest in the world, the falls are comprised of The Horseshoe Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls, and the American Falls. Over 60,000 cubic meters (200,000 cubic feet) of water rush over the brink at an astonishing speed every minute. Each of the falls is unique and offer spectacular vistas of one of the world's most visited natural wonders. Come the winter holiday season, the falls are beguilingly decked out with a light show for the annual Winter Festival of Lights.
The Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Stations are hydroelectric generating stations that are used to navigate water from Niagara and Welland Rivers that is utilized to generate electricity. Awarded the status of a National Historic Site of Canada, visitors can avail the tours of this stations.