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The Gutenberg Museum in Mainz marks the birth of printing as it is known today. Exhibits of the museum include several artifacts and exhibits that have been relevant to the printing industry. Of its most noted exhibits is the second Gutenberg bible. Apart from that, the museum's acquisition also includes two block books that were printed using wooden formes, something which is rare today. Moreover, some of the Gutenberg Museum's exhibitions are Printed Graphics, Small Presses and The Bookplate Collection.
The Mainz Cathedral is an architectural and historical marvel that is a must-visit while in the city. Known by different names like Martinsdom and more popularly St. Martin's Cathedral, it is situated close to the old town and serves as one of the major landmarks of Mainz. With a history going back to over a thousand years, this Roman Catholic monument exhibits an array of architectural styles. However, it remains a fine example of Romanesque architecture, even though it received several designs and structural alterations over the centuries. The cathedral interiors are home to ornate plaques and tombs of erstwhile reigning Electoral-prince-archbishops. Several arresting turn-of-the-century religious artworks adorn its high walls. The statues of The Madonna and Saint Boniface are focal points of its sprawling grounds.
St. Stephan, Mainz, known locally as St. Stephan zu Mainz is a collegiate church and has the oldest Gothic hall in the district of Upper Rhine. The church's history dates back to 990 CE when it was originally built. Over the centuries, the church has seen a lot of changes and rebuilding. It is famed for its unique blue Chagall choir windows created by renowned Russian Jewish artist Marc Chagall between 1978 - 1985. The nine stained glasses depict scenes from the Old Testament highlighting the common Christian and Jewish traditions and are done in luminescent blue. The church is also one of Mainz's important churches.
Located in the beautiful town of Mainz, the Mainz Citadel is an old fortress built in the 17th century replacing a 11th century Benedictine monastery. The fortress has a rich history; after the Napoleonic battles, the fortress was under the control of the German confederation. It has been an important part of the World Wars as it functioned as a camp for war prisoners and was later in the hands of French forces. Now, it is under the administration and ownership of the Mainz city and houses many government offices. Notable in the fortress is the Drusus Monument, the Historical Museum of the Town Mainz and old barracks from the World War II. It hosts the Open-Ohr youth festival since 1975 which is attended by many locals and tourists alike. An initiative to preserve the cultural value of the citadel, Zitadelle Mainz Initiative (IZM) was started in 2004.
Museum of Ancient Seafaring, located in Mainz, educates its visitors about the exciting history of ancient naval ships and shipbuilding. Located in an old engine-house, the museum has an impressive collection of boats, cargo vessels, documents from the Royal Navy and several other artifacts that showcase the difficult life at sea. The highlights of the museum are the ruins of the Roman ships discovered in 1981- 1982. The museum was opened in 1994 and has since been one of the major tourist attractions of the city.
Having survived the Second World War, the Augustinerkirche has retained its splendor. Used as a monastery by the monks of the Augustinian order from 1260-1803, the main building stems from 1768 and is now the seminary for the diocese. Painter Johann Baptist Enderle has paid tribute to the life of St. Augustine with some fantastic frescoes on the ceiling, and one of the few surviving organs built by master craftsman Johann Heinrich Stumm stands under the main window. The church organizes special programs on weekends.
The Botanischer Garten der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz lies in Mainz, Germany. This botanical garden was created between 1946-1955 and lies in the campus of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz. It was formerly a farmland and a training ground for the military. It now houses an alpine garden, a greenhouse complex and about 8500 species of plants and trees. Taking the guided tour by paying a nominal price is recommended if you wish to learn in-detail about the glasshouses and the different species of flora here.
Not only an impressive building but also a palace and an old chapel, Electoral Palace is hard to miss when in Mainz. Built in the Renaissance period, this structure is the last one from that glorious era. The wonderful architecture invites you to explore and admire. After many restoration activities, Electroral Palace is back to its former glory and is an absolute delight to look at. The many halls of the palace are now available for celebratory and other major events.
The beautiful Landesmuseum Mainz attracts a number of visitors each year with its unique collection of art and craft. Exhibits include paintings and sculpture through the centuries that throw light on the history and culture of Mainz. Also known as the Mainz State Museum, a visit to this popular attractions will help your learn about the culture and history of Mainz.
The city of Mainz is situated on the site of the ancient Roman Mogontiacum. In 1999, while digging the ground for the construction of the Römerpassage shopping mall, ancient Roman temple ruins were discovered. “Magna Mater” is a titular phrase to refer to Roman goddesses while Isis Panthea is an Egyptian goddess. This sanctuary now houses a museum that can be accessed through the Römerpassage shopping mall and has free entry. Here, you can view curse tablets, bronze statues and inscription plates among other important archaeological discoveries. The museum also presents multimedia shows for educating the public.