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The Harpy Tomb is found in the Antalya Province of Turkey, in the ancient abandoned Lycian city of Xanthos. It is a pillar tomb believed to possibly be the ornamental grave of King Kybernis. It is the only surviving pillar tomb of the Late Archaic Greek style still to be found in Xanthos. The original pillar still stands, though the reliefs upon it are cement replicas of the stone originals, which were moved to England by archaeologist Charles Fellows who discovered the tomb in 1898, and are now displayed in the British Museum. The structure's name comes from the four carved figures of winged females with bodies of birds that resemble Greek mythological creatures called Harpies.
The Xanthian Obelisk is a stele structure which has as many as three languages inscribed upon it including Milyan, Ancient Greek and Lycian. Stele structures are generally tall structures which are etched for commemorative reasons. The obelisk is also referred to as Xanthos Bilingual, Columna Xanthiaca, Inscribed Pillar of Xanthos and other names. The importance of the stone lies in its Lycian etchings which go a long way to helping interpret this ancient text.
The Ancient Greek city of Letoon , sometimes called as Letoum, was a former sanctuary of Leto beautifully located near the historic city Xanthos, Lycia. Touted to be one of the significant religious center, the site lies close to the Xanthos River. In 1962, the foundations of the Hellenistic temple devoted to Leto, Artemis and Apollo, have been unearthed at this site.
Xanthos was once the capital of the ancient empire of Lycia and the glorious abode of the much revered Lycians. The Lycians first came into prominence around 1200 BCE when they invaded the Hittite Empire. Although the Lycians imbibed much from the Hellenic and Roman cultures, they nevertheless successfully maintained their own unique identity throughout their long and colorful history. The city continued to be inhabited well into the 7th Century CE, before it was reduced to ruins as a result of the Arab invasion. The ruins of Xanthos, along with those of Letoon nearby, have contributed much to our understanding of the culture, beliefs and lives of the Lycians. A number of epigraphs have been uncovered at both sites and have provided a valuable insight into the history of this region. At the site of Xanthos you will encounter a magnificent theatre and numerous funerary monuments, while the site of Letoon is best known for its nymphaeum. Replete with stunning architectural remains, sculptures and more, a visit to Xanthos and Letoon is sure to delight history buffs and art enthusiasts alike. The two sites of Xanthos and Letoon have been jointly designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.