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Geschatte tijd : 1 hr

Top Rated Attracties in Rest of Italy

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Colosseum

The magnanimous proportions of the Colosseum have long been a source of wonder. Originally envisioned in 70 CE, the construction of this grand structure was completed in 80 CE. At that time, it is believed that this vast amphitheater could seat upwards of 50,000 spectators at once. The Colosseum also features on the Italian version of the five-cent Euro. Deemed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Colosseum was designed to be a horse racing circuit and arena for animal fighting and gladiatorial battles, although it has also hosted significant religious ceremonies in its early days. It is a symmetrical wonder set in the historic landscape of Rome's heart. The enormous ruin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered by many to be an iconic symbol of Italy.

Pantheon

Opgedragen door Marcus Agrippa, gerestaureerd door Domitian, en gedeeltelijk herbouwd door Hadrian (wie de dom toevoegde), werd het Pantheon als kerk ingewijd vroeg in de 7e eeuw door Paus Bonifatius IV. De enige bron van licht in het gebouw is de opening in de dom's top (de oculus); volgens een populaire legende vormde dit de basis voor de bronzen dennenappel die nu op het Vaticaanse Pigna binnenhof staat, waar hij wordt gebruikt als fontein. Veel beroemde Italianen zijn begraven in het Pantheon, waaronder de Renaissance schilder Raphael en Koning Vittorio Emanuele I.

Roman Forum

A bygone beacon of the Roman Empire, the Foro Romano was the nucleus of social, political and economic life in this historic city. Located between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, it was a revered meeting place that witnessed the alpha and omega of a thriving empire. Triumphal processions raked the regal roads of this plaza, while morbid silences hung in the air after trials and executions that were carried out. Among the priceless vestiges that remain today, the most salient ones include the Regia, the royal residence, the Temple of Vesta and the Temple of Saturn. Towards the northwest, the Umbilicus Urbis indicates the symbolic heart of Ancient Rome, and the northern aisle of the Basilica of Maxentius still stands in grandeur. While their transient glory is lost to the ravages of time, what is left behind is not less than awe-inspiring. Worn columns, near-crumbling facades of ancient marble and stoic triumphal arcs still dominate the ruins' antiquated skyline.

Sistine Chapel

Some of the world's foremost examples of Renaissance art grace the ceiling of the spectacular Sistine Chapel. Originally built in 1479 under the direction of Pope Sixtus IV, the chapel forms a part of the Vatican City's Apostolic Palace. It is here that the College of Cardinals gather to elect a new Pope and has been the host of such gatherings and other Papal functions since it was first conceived of. At the time of its construction, while the walls of the chapel were painted with frescoes by artists like Sandro Botticelli, Pinturicchio and Cosimo Roselli, the ceiling was rendered a simple, solid blue with stars. It was not until 1508 that Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Many considered this an odd choice as Michelangelo, at that time, was not known as a skilled painter. This led to speculations that Michelangelo's lofty commission was a ploy devised by rival artists Raphael and Bramante to ensure his fall from grace. Not to be deterred, Michelangelo envisioned and achieved a series of frescoes that depict scenes from the Old Testament, beginning with Creation and ending at Noah's voyage aboard his ark. Each a masterpiece in its own right, together they form a vision of unmatched artistry that draws millions of visitors to the Pope's residence each year.

National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo

The splendid fortress of Castel Sant'Angelo was originally built as a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian in 139 CE. In the 10th Century CE, it was transformed into a castle, then, 500 years later, into the elegant residence of Pope Alexander VI Borgia. Michelangelo designed the marvelous main court for Pope Leo X and many of the rooms inside are decorated with frescoes of great beauty. It is also been used to house prisoners, including the sculptor Benvenuto Cellini. The terrace offers a fine view of the river Tiber and opera lovers will know that this was where the final act of Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca (1900) took place. The building is now a museum with a fine collection of suits of armor which is open to the public.

Capitoline Hill

Capitoline Hill is located near the Foro Romano and Campus Martius. The hill is one of the seven hills that were located in the ancient city, and was the center of all the activities of the empire. The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the most revered temple at that time stood here, and its ruins are still visible. Housed here are the Musei Capitolini and City Hall.

0,6 267 45 1 5,7,6 F-TA Approximate Duration: 1 hr F-TA|approximate-duration|Geschatte tijd [["Colosseum","41.890219538227","12.49223499194","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Piazza del Colosseo 1, Rome, 00184","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/9454-colosseum"],["Pantheon","41.89899633131","12.476992571034","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Piazza della Rotonda, Rome, 00186","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/9447-pantheon"],["Roman Forum","41.892466670464","12.485329670689","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Via della Salara Vecchia 5\/6, Rome, 00186","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/9452-roman-forum"],["Sistine Chapel","41.902947595745","12.45448282885","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Via delle Fondamenta, Vatican City, 00120","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/320317-sistine-chapel"],["National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo","41.903063708961","12.466306740077","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Lungotevere Castello 50, Rome, 00186","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/10578-national-museum-of-castel-sant-angelo"],["Capitoline Hill","41.892958444084","12.48358541113","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/assets\/images\/google_markers\/dark_blue_circle.png","","","Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome, 00184","https:\/\/cityseeker.com\/nl\/rome\/789746-capitoline-hill"]] adayincity 9454,9447,9452,320317,10578,789746 6 0 1 Attractions
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