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Old First Church was founded in 1637 and is one of the oldest churches in the United States. The church played an important role in creating Springfield and was part of the Underground Railroad. Unfortunately the church is closed so you can not attend a sermon.
Built in the 1870s, Hampden County Courthouse is a historic building. The building used to look more like a castle than a courthouse, but alterations were done to make it blend into the city. The courthouse is still used today to for government trails and courts.
Court Square is the government and cultural district of Springfield, MA. Among other important buildings, the city's Old First Church, juvenile court house, and a section of UMass Amherst are all located at Court Square. There is also a landscaped park with monuments, statues, brick walkways, and benches for public use. Court Square was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 1974.
Springfield's City Hall has two picturesque buildings that are modeled after Greek architecture and in between the buildings is a large clock tower. The original building was burned when a monkey knocked over a kerosene lamp at a City Hall fair and it was rebuilt in the early 1900s. The City Hall contains several of the local governments departments and the city council.
A "recent" development in the old city of Springfield, Mattoon Street was developed in the 1870s as a two-sided street of Victorian single-family rowhouses. After about 100 years of disrepair and numerous vacancies, local residents took the initiative to restore this street by planting trees and adding brick sidewalks and vintage streetlights. The homes are today single-family units and the neighborhood is host to the Mattoon Street Arts Festival
Gateway to the serene green Berkshires and Western Massachusetts, Springfield is home to the Basketball Hall of Fame, Six Flags New England and is the birthplace of Dr. Seuss.