Greenland's capital city, Nuuk, is also its largest economic and cultural hub. Noted as one of the least populated cities in the world, it is also the world's most northerly capital, located at the tip of the Nuup Kangerlua estuary, on the eastern shore of the Labrador Sea. The city has been inhabited since 2200 BCE and was first settled by the ancient Paleo-Eskimo and pre-Inuit people. Undeniably one of Greenland's most vibrant urban centers and cosmopolitan cities, it boasts of a dense network of fjords, hemmed by a breathtaking collage of snowy mountains. The city also supports a diverse culinary map and ample opportunities for shopping. The Greenland National Museum, the Katuaq Cultural Centre, Nuuk Cathedral and the Church of Our Saviour are prime cultural attractions in the city of Nuuk, while fishing, hunting and kayaking are popular outdoor activities that can be enjoyed here. A city of myriad experiences, Nuuk is at the helm of Greenland's contemporary front.
In a remote, untouched corner off the coast of an island in Greenland, scientists have discovered the oldest existing component of the earth's crust. Dating back to a staggering 3.8 billion years ago, this huge chunk of rock exists as a miraculous mass of grey wedged into the side of an island. Upon further analysis, researchers found that the stone is an ophiolite, or a rock that was formed due to the dramatic shifting of tectonic plates on the earth's surface. This astounding natural phenomenon is the second of its kind to be discovered, after a 2.5 billion-year-old rock was discovered in China.