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19th-century architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel provided Berlin with many of its greatest buildings, including the magnificent Konzerthaus and the equally striking Altes Museum. The museum, which opened in 1830, was the first to be built on Museum Island. It now houses rotating special exhibitions and is home to part of the Antique Collection, a breathtaking collection of ancient Greek and Roman artifacts that were excavated by the famous German archaeologist Hildesheimer.
Este museu guarda uma vasta colecção de artefatos do mundo antigo, incluindo o Imperdível Templo de Zeus em Pérgamo (180-160 a.C), um dos mais importantes achados arqueológicos do mundo. O museu também possui partes das magnífica Colecção de Antigüidades, da Colecção do Leste Asiático, do Museu do Oriente Médio e do Museu Islâmico. Os guias eletrônicos para visitantes são bastante informativos estando disponíveis em diversas línguas por um preço acessível.
C/O Berlin calls itself an "International Forum for Visual Dialogues," and while this may be apt, it doesn't actually describe what C/O is. It is simply an excellent gallery that houses temporary exhibitions of photographs and photographic installations by the world's leading documentary photographers, from Henri Cartier-Bresson to Trent Park. It is not particularly well known, but for photographers, lovers of photography, or even just people who are interested in the world, it is one of the must-see museums in Berlin. Its exhibitions, usually by multiple photographers, never leave the viewer untouched.
Anyone visiting Berlin today would find it hard to imagine that this vibrant and cosmopolitan city was once divided and through its heart ran a wall made of concrete and barbed wire, patrolled by armed guards. Erected on 13 August 1961 to halt the outflow of disaffected East German workers, the Berlin Wall divided Germany. No one will forget the night of 9th November 1989 when it came crashing down. In the months following its fall, it was bulldozed to the ground and the land where it stood auctioned off to the highest bidder. Not much of the original Wall is left today, with only one or two sections saved as a permanent reminder of the past. The longest and most impressive stretch can be seen at the East Side Gallery, while another section, which is full of chisel holes and graffiti, runs along Niederkirchner Straße just south of Potsdamer Platz. Hordes of tourists still flock to Checkpoint Charlie but there is not much left to see except a gripping exhibition at Haus am Checkpoint Charlie. The Wall Memorial on Bernauer Straße is well worth a visit while a more somber moment could be spent contemplating the line of white crosses on Ebertstraße behind the Reichstag.
Located in the charming borough of Kreuzberg, Berlinische Galerie lies in close proximity to the Jüdisches Museum. Established in 1975, the gallery is fully devoted to exhibit and promote modern art in Berlin. Showcasing exhibits related to photography, architecture and contemporary art, the museum sees a lot of art aficionados, coming in from various parts of the globe. Apart from the changing installations and exhibitions, the museum's best collection includes the works of Berlin Secession, Georg Baselitz and Junge Wilde.
Germany's most recognizable symbol is not as large as many visitors expect, yet its history is rich and fascinating. Built in 1791, the Brandenburg Gate was modeled on the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The Quadriga statue on top of the Gate, designed by sculptor Gottfried Schadow, represents Victoria, the Goddess of Peace, riding a four-horse chariot. This was one of Berlin's original 14 city gates, yet the only remaining evidence of the other gates are the names of underground stations such as Kottbusser Tor and Schlesisches Tor. The Brandenburg Gate and Pariser Platz have played center stage to numerous turbulent historical events. The south wing houses a tourist information office.
O imponente "Reichstag" consegue refletir o passado, o presente e o futuro da Alemanha como nenhuma outra construcção. Foi realizado em 1884-1894 para servir como o Parlamento do Império Germânico de Bismarck e participou nas décadas da história deste país. Depois da queda do muro de Berlim em 1989, começaram os trabalhos para voltar a construcção aos seus propósitos originais. O arquitecto britânico Norman Foster adicionou uma cúpula de vidro ao edifício que possui terraços no qual, os visitantes podem subir ali e encontrar uma exposição fotográfica, que conta a turbulenta história do Parlamento, e um restaurante.
Located on the Lindenstraße, the Jewish Museum is the largest museum focusing on Jewish history in all of Europe. The original Jewish museum of Berlin was built in 1933, but was closed in the following decade by the Nazi regime. The Berlin government hosted an anonymous competition to design the new museum; famed architect Daniel Liebeskind won the competition with his jagged and zig-zagging building that was nicknamed "blitz." The museum was completed in 1999. Today, visitors to the museum can learn all about German-Jewish heritage, starting in the Medieval era and continuing into today's Jewish community.
Depois da queda do muro de Berlim em 1989, Postdamer Platz saiu da condição de um simples prédio abandonado num centro ultra moderno no coração da Berlim unificada. As únicas recordações do antigo Postdamer Platz são o histórico Haus Huth e a majestosa pista de dança do Hotel Esplanada que foi inteligentemente incorporada no Centro da Sony. A metade da área aproximadamente está formada por escritórios, as demais partes estão divididas entre complexos de entretenimento como o Imax e um fantástico Centro de Compras.
Limitado pelo Portão de Brandenburgo ao leste e pela Estação Zoo à oeste, o parque Tiergarten é um dos mais bonitos parques urbanos na Europa. Concebido originalmente como um campo de caça para os reis prussianos, o Tiergarten foi transformado num jardim romântico no inicio do século 18, por Peter Joseph Lenne, que projetou um serie de passeios, lagos, pontes, esculturas e jardins de flores. O parque foi devastado na segunda guerra mundial bem como nos invernos subseqüentes. O Tiergarten foi replantado nos anos 50 e actualmente está tão belo como era em sua fundação, sendo muito popular tanto entre os visitantes quanto entre os habitantes da cidade.
Located next to Zoo Station in the heart of the western city center, Zoologischer Garten Berlin is one of the most renowned zoos and a popular tourist attraction in the city. Founded in 1844 by Prussian King William IV, the Zoologischer Garten is Germany's oldest zoo. With 13,000 animals covering over 1,400 different species, the zoo is also one of the world's most populous zoos. Home to polar bears, giant pandas and arctic wolves, majestic birds like King Vulture and Ostrich can are found here. Frequented by locals and tourists alike, the zoo is an important landmark of the city.