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A Day in Kolkata

por: Cityseeker
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Casa Mãe

O 54 Bose Road é um dos endereços mais famosos de Calcutá e uma importante parada para todos os turistas que visitam a cidade. O edifício, apropriadamente chamado de Casa Mãe, é a sede das Missionárias da Caridade, a visão de Madre Teresa de espalhar esperança e amor aos desesperados. Ainda hoje, as irmãs de caridade de Madre Teresa, vestidas com seus sáris de borda azul, marca registrada, continuam a levar adiante seu legado. Os visitantes podem homenagear o túmulo da Mãe e visitar o museu que exibe objetos de sua vida cotidiana – sandálias e uma tigela desgastada que são verdadeiros reflexos de sua simplicidade. Invocando a paz e uma gama de emoções diferentes, este lugar permite vislumbrar a vida de um dos melhores seres humanos que já viveu.

54/A A.J.C. Bose Road, Missionaries of Charity, Kolkata, Índia, 700016
Raj Bhavan

During the colonial rule, the Britishers erected magnificent structures and palatial residences, that often replicated buildings and government offices back in England. Raj Bhavan is one of such splendid heritage landmarks in the city of Kolkata. Spread across 27 acres, the wrought iron gates and imposing lions atop, create a majestic allure to the whole place and draw a clear line of distinction between the powerful rulers and the powerless common man. It continued to be the official residence of Governor-Generals and Viceroy until Kolkata ceased to be the capital of India and Delhi came into prominence. It has many suites, the important ones being the 'Prince of Wales' suite, named in the honor of Prince Edward of Wales and 'Wellesly Suite', named after the Governor General, who commissioned the construction of Raj Bhavan. It also houses a library, that includes a wide range of books and official journals, simply left behind by the previous governors, right from pre-independence era. Apart from that, it also has a collection of rare manuscripts and photographs, which gets enriched with each passing year. Currently, the Governor of West Bengal resides here and it plays host to important foreign delegates, dignitaries and official meetings. Though due to security reasons, you will be unable to see the building from within, the beautiful exteriors are worth a visit.

Goverment Place, Kolkata, Índia, 700001
Indian Museum

Located on the Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Indian Museum holds the distinction of being one of the first museums of its kind in the world. Founded by Dr. Nathaniel Wallich in 1814, the museum was first located within the Asiatic Society. However, the ever-growing repertoire of artifacts made its shift to the current location necessary. The pristine white edifice that houses the Indian Museum today was built by architect W.L. Granvil, which is also the name behind important landmarks like Calcutta High Court and the G.P.O. Inside, the museum has three floors with sixty different galleries that explore areas like Anthropology, Archaeology, Art, Geology, Zoology, Botany and Technology. The museum's collection has over 1 million exhibits today, and you can find anything from Egyptian mummies to meteorites during your visit. The Painting Gallery is of particular importance, as it holds some rare insights into ancient Indian art. Students and researchers of different faculties find the museum extremely resourceful: apart from the vast display of artifacts, the space also includes a library and a bookshop. Indian Museum organizes a number of interesting events throughout the year and also occasionally conducts short courses and seminars on various subjects. With over 10000 square feet of area to explore, it is best to spend an entire day at this museum.

27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Fire Brigade Head Quarter, New Market Area, Dharmatala, Taltala, Kolkata, Índia, 700016
Eden Gardens Stadium

Eden Gardens is not only an integral part of Kolkata city, but is also an important landmark in the International cricket map. The stadium is named after the adjoining Eden Gardens. Right from 1864, it has seen cricket records being made and broken by iconic players. What makes this stadium exclusive from its counterparts is the passion of the crowds towards the game. The player's concentration is almost put to test amidst the loud cheer and noise. Though the unruly behavior of the fans has resulted in match disruptions, this stadium still remains a favorite among all cricketers. Notable performances at Eden Gardens include bowler Harbhajan Singh's hat-trick against the Australians in 2000-01 and the 281 runs scored by VVS Laxman, in the same season, which is the highest individual score recorded at this ground. Try and visit Eden Gardens during a match to feel the excitement in the air.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700001
Rabindra Setu (Ponte Howrah)

Construída para substituir a antiga Ponte Flutuante do Pontão, a Nova Ponte Howrah foi renomeada como Rabindra Setu em 1965, em homenagem ao ilustre poeta e pintor bengali Rabindranath Tagore. No entanto, ainda é mais popularmente conhecido como Howrah Bridge. Localizada entre Vivekananda Setu e Vidyasagar Setu, esta ponte cantilever foi a primeira das três pontes de Calcutá e foi concluída em 1943. Facilmente uma das pontes mais movimentadas de Calcutá, transportando milhares de veículos todos os dias, a ponte Howrah desempenha um papel importante na síntese do vigor cada vez mais urbano e voltado para o futuro que envolve a cidade. Atravessando perfeitamente o poderoso curso do rio Hooghly, esta ponte é caracterizada por treliças brilhantemente e é um produto de excelente proeza de engenharia. A concentração de veículos aumenta ao longo da movimentada Estação Howrah, enquanto pedestres, vendedores ambulantes, comerciantes e moradores locais fazem dela uma parte essencial da vida cotidiana de Calcutá. Uma estrutura icônica imersa em uma história e patrimônio indeléveis, a Howrah Bridge, com todas as suas pessoas e histórias, permanecerá sempre uma joia emblemática da cidade.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700001

While other Indian metro cities in India like Mumbai are craving for green spaces, Kolkata is blessed with abundant parks, grounds and fair-grounds; Maidan being one among them. One of the largest open spaces across the State of West Bengal, it has a special place in the heart of Bengalis. It is home to famous structures and landmarks like Royal Golf Club, Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens, Kolkata Race Course; the list is endless. Maidan also comprises statues of Britishers like Lord Curzon and Canning and notable Indians like Subhash Chandra Bose, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Chittaranjan Das, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. The park has hosted political rallies, speeches, cultural events and expositions like Kolkata Book Fair. Maidan is an inherent and integral part of Kolkata and its inhabitants.

Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700001
Catedral de São Paulo

A Catedral de São Paulo é uma das "primeiras Igrejas Episcopais do Oriente" em Calcutá. O bispo Daniel Wilson iniciou a construção da catedral em 1839 e foi concluída em 1847. Projetado pelo major William Nairn Forbes, é semelhante ao Bell Harry Tower na Catedral de Canterbury, em Kent. As paredes brancas imaculadas, os vitrais, as peças de madeira esculpida e os afrescos lembram o período renascentista. Embora a igreja tenha sido completamente destruída duas vezes, acabou sendo restaurada e recuperou sua grandeza original. Enquanto estiver visitando a Catedral de São Paulo, você também pode conferir as atrações próximas, como o Victoria Memorial, Nandan, Mahanagar Peace Park e o Birla Planetarium.

1A Cathedral Road, New Market Area, Maidan, Kolkata, Índia, 700071
Academy of Fine Arts

What started as a small room loaned from the Indian Museum in 1933 has proceeded to become a foundation for exploring art in the center of the city. Located next to the Birla Planetarium and near Victoria Memorial, the Academy of Fine Arts shares its creative passion in the form of exhibitions spanning a multitude of expressions of art. The permanent galleries within the Academy include the Contemporary Art Gallery, Old Textile Gallery, Old Carpet Gallery, Miniature Gallery and the Rabindra Gallery which has Rabindranath Tagore's original writings, manuscripts and paintings. A big auditorium housed inside is known to host a variety of cultural programs, theater etc. Training programs and art classes are also held regularly. Around the main building, a number of interesting sculptures are sure to pique your interest. Do check the local paper or inquire with the office for current event schedules.

2 Cathedral Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700071
Memorial da Vitória

Um dossel branco angelical feito puramente de mármore Makrana, os icônicos edifícios do Victoria Memorial estão aninhados em meio a gramados e bosques de palmeiras ondulantes. Construído como uma homenagem à Rainha Vitória da Inglaterra, este magnífico edifício é um dos melhores marcos que enfeitam a cidade de Calcutá. Este edifício majestoso está imerso em uma história de longa data - Lord Curzon, o vice-rei da Índia, decidiu criar um memorial tão grandioso e real quanto a própria rainha. Aninhado ao longo das margens do rio Hooghly, o memorial compreende belos jardins, piscinas esmeraldas, um museu, estátuas e bustos de britânicos e indianos também. Um fato importante a ser observado é que os príncipes e cidadãos indianos contribuíram generosamente para os fundos do Victoria Memorial e o custo total da construção foi de aproximadamente INR Pilares esculpidos enormes, cúpulas de mármore com padrões intrincados e torres altas falam muito sobre o trabalho dos artesãos indianos que desempenharam um papel fundamental na execução do edifício. As galerias e o museu abrigam memorabilia britânica, incluindo pinturas, esculturas e artefatos que narram eventos importantes da vida da rainha; desde sua cerimônia de coroação até sua residência. Além disso, tem a espada do bravo príncipe e guerreiro Tipu Sultan e canhões que lembram a Batalha de Plassey. Palavras ou fotografias não fazem justiça à pura opulência e grandeza do Victoria Memorial, um local que conquistou os corações, almas e imaginação de muitos.

1 Queens Way, Kolkata, Índia, 700071
Birla Industrial & Technological Museum (BITM)

Established in 1959, Birla Industrial & Technological Museum is a parent body to all Science Centers and Museums under the National Council of Science Museums and holds the distinction of being the first Science and Industrial museum in the country. BITM started as a hardcore museum documenting the history of scientific growth with galleries of Communication, Iron & Steel, Popular Science, Transport, Electronics and TV. However, to keep up with the rapid progress of science and technology, it is now a full-fledged Science Center with an aim to inculcate in visitors the basic principles of science. While it retains the original galleries, BITM has introduced a myriad interactive exhibits and educational shows like Fun Science Show, Science Magic Show, Fascinating Physics show, etc. Although the vast contents of this museum would help any visitor, children and students are the main target audience here. The science center also organizes a number of events throughout the year including lectures, seminars and exhibitions that cover important and relevant topics. Check website for details on daily shows, student tours etc.

19A Gurusaday Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700019

Since being founded in 1993, CIMA has gone on to become of the most recognized centers of art and culture. A state-of-the-art gallery CIMA features a fascinating collection of contemporary art by renowned artists from across the country. Awe-inspiring canvas painting line the walls, depicting various aspects of philosophical and conceptual art. CIMA also organizes a number of exhibitions wherein budding artists are provided a platform to showcase their talent and interact with established artists.

43 Ashutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Sunny Towers, 2nd Floor, Kolkata, Índia, 700019
Alipore Zoological Gardens

The roots of Alipore Zoological Gardens lie in a private menagerie once owned by Governor General Lord Wellesley in the 1800s. However, it was only many years after he returned to England, that a formal 'Zoological Gardens' was established in Alipore. Inaugurated in 1876 by Sir Edward VII, the Alipore Zoological Gardens was the first of its kind in the country; African Buffalo, Zanzibar Ram, Four-horned sheep, Hybrid Kashmiri Goat, Indian Antelope, Indian Gazelle and Sambar Deer were among the first breeds held here. The zoo was famous for housing the Aldabra Giant Tortoise 'Adwaita' which died in 2006, after 250 years! In the 1900s, the zoo was reputed as a pioneer in captive breeding processes; the Sumatran Rhinoceros was one of the successful breeding projects. However, over the years, it received a lot of criticism for its poor maintenance of animals and the 'Panthera Hybrid Program' (lion and tiger hybrids). Today, Alipore Zoo or Zoological Gardens remains a major attraction of the city, and houses species like Royal Bengal Tiger, African Lion, Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Reticulated Giraffe, Dromedary Camel and Indian Elephant. Spread across 45 acres of land, the zoo also features a Reptile House, Primate House, Panther House and Elephant House. It may take you anywhere between an hour to a day to tour the zoo in its entirety; National Library, Agri Horticultural Gardens and Alipore Jail are in close vicinity. Photography is allowed after a charge of INR 250.

2 Alipore Road, Kolkata, Índia, 700027
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