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Founded in the year 1982, Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary occupies a sprawling land area of nearly 500 square kilometers (193.05 square miles). The sanctuary is home to diverse species of plant and animal life, along with ancient caves, fossils and rock sculptures. Indian monkey, Sambhar, mongoose and porcupine are the various wildlife species spotted here. Black Buck, known to be an endangered deer species, is also found at Kaimoor. Owing to its rich flora and fauna and easy accessibility, Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary serves as an ideal destination for winter holidays.
Perched on the terrace of the magnificent Man Mahal Palace, Jantar Mantar is Varanasi's prime observatory, designed to the likes of the ones found in New Delhi and Jaipur. Constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh in they year 1737, the science museum showcases various milestones of India achieved in the field of astrology and science. Apart from serving its main purpose of helping determine stars and planet positions, it also helps to measure altitude, local standard time and the sun position.
The Deer Park in Sarnath was where Lord Buddha gave his first discourse while sitting amongst the Brahmins of Kapilavastu. Not much seems to have changed even now in these tranquil confines where one can spot the occasional deer frolicking in the foliage, blissfully unaware of the world outside. Reminiscent of the days gone by, one is almost taken back to the history class text book chapter, 'Sermon in the Deer Park'. The word Sarnath actually comes from Saranganath which means 'Lord of the Deer', a nickname given to Buddha.
Located in the heart of Sarnath, The Garden of Spiritual Wisdom is one of the most visited attractions of the city. Found behind the striking Chaukhandi Stupa, it is home to an array of sculptures and displays portraying the fundamentals of Buddhism. A small garden inside contains a number of medicinal plants and shrubs, acquainting visitors with Ayurveda and its benefits.
Established in 1910, the museum building itself partly follows the construction plan of a monastery. The wide collection inside dates back from 3rd Century BCE to 12th Century CE. Lion Capital of Ashoka, which is exhibited at the center of the main hall 'Shakyasimha gallery', is the celebrated attraction of Archeological Museum Sarnath. Also on display is a large number of Buddha statues in various postures. Many historic landmarks detailing the evolution of Buddha philosophy can be observed at this authoritative collection which is a treasure-trove for researchers and scholars.