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The symbol of the city of Washington DC, this 555-foot marble obelisk on the National Mall honors the nation's first president. The cornerstone of the Washington Monument was laid in 1848, but construction was not completed until 1884. About one-third of the way up the obelisk is a visible change in the marble, evidence of the onset of the Civil War. Construction was halted during the war, and when builders returned to the same quarry to complete the project afterward, enough time had passed to cause a significant change in the color.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately-funded non-profit organization helping to protect historic buildings and neighborhoods. The National Trust has a collection of historic and associate sites and homes across the country. Check out their website for more information and a complete list and map of the sites.
With its funky shops and trendy restaurants and bars, Dupont Circle is one of the hippest neighborhoods in Washington. Its cosmopolitan air draws visitors both young and old. Once a neighborhood of old money and the nouveau riche, Dupont Circle today is home to artists, intellectuals and young professionals. The neighborhood's turn-of-the-century mansions and brownstones, formerly home to prominent families, today house art museums, restaurants, embassies and fun shops. Dupont Circle is also home to the Phillips Collection, one of the city's foremost art museums with paintings by Renoir, Degas and Cézanne.
With its outdoor murals, funky shops and ethnic restaurants, Adams-Morgan is one of Washington's most ethnically diverse and fascinating neighborhoods. The diversity is evident in the menus of the restaurants which range from Ethiopian to Salvardoran cuisine. Visitors will also find hip bars and clubs, unusual shops and grocery stores, but it is the nightlife and dining scene that attracts most tourists. A mix of new immigrants, young urban professionals and intellectuals enjoy living in this neighborhood's 19th-century apartment buildings and row houses.
The African American Civil War Memorial is a landmark on Vermont Avenue. Built by Ed Hamilton, this 9-foot (2.7-meter) bronze sculpture is called The Spirit of Freedom. It honors the 209,145 lives of African-American servicemen lost during the Civil War. Walk along the curved wall to read the names of these brave soldiers and sailors.
Throughout the Washington city, you will find traffic circles that are named in honor of war veterans. Scott Circle is located at the junction of Massachusetts Avenue and Rhode Island Avenue. Important offices like Australian and the Philippine's Embassies are located on this circle. The statute of United States Army general Winfield Scott has also been erected in the Circle.